- Slides: 23
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO Energy Security Center of Excellence: from idea to implementation 1 -st Seminar IDC NATO School 21 March, 2013 Vilnius-Chişinău
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Content NATO Centers of Excellence – why, where and what for? NATO and energy security – since then and how deep? NATO ENSEC COE: tasks, structure and ambitions Cooperation with partners
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Centers of Excellence – why, where and what for?
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Concept of CEO’s - since 2003
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO and energy security – since then and how deep?
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Energy Vulnerabilities as Part of Emerging Security Challenges Energy infrastructure and supply are subject to cyber threats, terrorist attacks, environmental threats, piracy and other emerging security risks Energy vulnerabilities are present in both civilian and military energy supply systems Training and education, as well as best practice exchanges are important tools to enhance prevention and resilience in the field of energy security
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO and Energy Security Bucharest Summit (2008): NATO can add value in the field of energy security. This includes the support to the protection of critical energy infrastructure, information and intelligence sharing, consequence management, and international cooperation. Lisbon Summit (2010): “In advancing our work, we will … integrate, as appropriate, energy security considerations in NATO’s policies and activities”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO and Energy Security The Strategic Concept (2010): NATO will “develop the capacity to contribute to energy security, including protection of critical energy infrastructure and transit areas and lines, cooperation with partners, and consultations among Allies on the basis of strategic assessments and contingency planning”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO and Energy Security Chicago Summit Declaration (2012) “we will work towards significantly improving the energy efficiency of our military forces; develop our competence in supporting the protection of critical energy infrastructure; and further develop our outreach activities in consultation with partners, on a case-by-case basis. We welcome the offer to establish a NATO-accredited Energy Security Centre of Excellence in Lithuania as a contribution to NATO’s efforts in this area”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO and Energy Security There are many IO working in the field of energy security. NATO's added value lies in its transatlantic nature, its intelligence sharing platforms and military planning structures, as well as its wide partnership network Also, there a number of bodies within NATO dealing with energy security. The focal point for energy security in NATO’s International Staff is the Energy Security Section within the Emerging Security Challenges Division NATO's strategic commands are also involved in activities related to energy security. One of them is Allied Command Transformation (ACT), which is enhancing training, conducting concept experiments, and promoting interoperability.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE NATO Energy Security Center of Excellence: (ENSEC COE): tasks, structure and ambitions
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Establishment of the NATO ENSEC COE q A national Energy Security Center was established in Vilnius, Lithuania on 1 st January 2011; q Stakeholders: MFA, MOD, Ministry of Science and Education, Ministry of Energy; q The ESC will seek NATO accreditation as a Center of Excellence for Energy Security. q MOUs on the establishment of the NATO ENSEC COE were signed on 10 July 2012 in Norfolk, USA. q On 12 October 2012 the North Atlantic Council approved the accreditation of the Centre as a NATO Centre of Excellence and its activation as an International Military Organization.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Mission of NATO’s ENSEC COE To assist NATO, Nations, Partners and other bodies by supporting NATO’s capability development process, mission effectiveness, and interoperability by providing comprehensive and timely expertise on aspects of energy security Concept of the NATO ENSEC COE approved by SNs in the 1 st Steering Committee Meeting on 18 July, 2012
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Structure of NATO’s ENSEC COE * US will initiate Note of Joining procedure shortly
ENSECCOE Products Strategic Analysis and Research • ES lessons learned • Methodology on assessing ES risks and threats • R&D projects • Operational ES – improve energy POW efficiency Education, Training and Exercise • ES focused EX • ES Focused courses • ES conferences, seminars, workshops • SMEs to integrate ES aspects to EX and TNG Doctrine, Standards and Procedures • Support development of ES doctrines, standards and procedures • Contribute to NATO Nations and Partners efforts in the field of ES Consultations • Provide SMEs and support to nations and WG and Committees • Interoperability in the field of ES • Broader SM discussion forum Proposed Functions, Activities and Deliverables
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Main focus - operational energy Operational energy security - uninterrupted access to reliable supplies of energy resources, capability to employ alternative energy sources in operational environment, efficient and environmentally friendly use of energy resources, and the ability to protect and safely deliver sufficient energy resources to meet operational needs without limiting combat capability.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Projects: ØENSEC COE is Co-director of SENT Consultations Doctrines, Concepts, Standards & Procedures Education, Training & Exercise Strategic Analysis & Research ØInternational energy Security Conference (annual event); ENSECCOE Events: Research: Publications - analysis of relevant energy security events and tendencies; Reports –research projects carried out with ENSEC COE partners; Comments – ENSEC COE experts’ on the relevant decisions, tendencies and events Articles - for Swedish Defence Research Agency FOI, contribution to the book on Russian Energy and Security; Monitoring – news (mainly military dimension), reports and studies (collecting from public sources, considering all available information); E-Library (NATO Lib. Guide). Studies: ØEfficient use of energy resources: case of Lithuanian National Defense System Ø“Energy Management in the Expeditionary Environment: Front-End Analysis and Proposed Solutions”; ØTransition From Fossil Fuel Based Energy Systems to the Renewables In the Military Applications – after ENERGEX 2012 study;
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Exercise Support ØENERGEX 2012; Consultations Doctrines, Concepts, Standards & Procedures Education, Training & Exercise Strategic Analysis & Research ENSECCOE ØDevelopment of operational energy module for the existing NATO exercises (RFS from ACO); ØSME support to NATO and National exercises in development of scenarios and exercise execution; Education & Training Ø Training Landscape Development Conference (in coordination with ACT JFT); Ø NATO Strategic Training Plan in the Area of Energy Security ØTraining courses in residence or contribute to existing Ø Energy Security Awareness Course (desired outcome – NATO accreditation for the course); Ø Support to Senior Training Course on Energy Security in NATO School Oberammergau (NATO ESCD and ACT SPP co-sponsored activity); Ø Development Energy security averseness e-learning course with ACT
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Outreach activities Continued partnerships: ü ü ü MOU with the Lithuanian Institute of Energy and the Centre for Energy Security Studies, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas MOU with INFOBALT MOU with EUCOM MOU with Vilnius University MOU with Military Academy of Lithuania Cooperation with other institutions: Research Council of Lithuania ü US Brookhaven National Laboratory ü EPPL (European Pulsed Power Laboratories) ü EC Joint Research Center ü Activities with partners: “Innovative Energy Solutions for Military Applications” – Conference and Exhibition in Vilnius with Ukraine ü Conference in Kiev with Energy security agenda ü Partnerships – Sweden, Azerbaijan, Georgia ü We are open to partners!
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Cooperation with partners
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE Aims, goals and tasks Contribute to NATO’s efforts to develop partnerships with and among everyone sharing strategic interests Increase partners’ interest to cooperate inside and with NATO: introduce new cooperation areas, respond to their interests Contribute to NATO’s, nations’ and partners’ interoperability, gain from broader subject matter discussion Stimulate Nations’ and partners’ contribution to NATO’s OES: concepts, doctrines and capabilities development Get human and financial support for NATO ENSECCOE “soft” activities: research, training, fellowship programs, etc. Stimulate energy public – private partnership in the area of operational
NATO ENERGY SECURITY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE What could be partners’ inputs and benefits? Contribution to designing exercises and courses Participation at awareness and other course that provide general introduction and deeper look into operational energy security Integration into the NATO COE’s network Better understanding of what NATO is doing and why Chance for your scientists and industry? Protection of infrastructure and sea lines that are important for partners?
Thank You Dr. Arūnas Molis Head of Strategic Analysis and research division, NATO ENSEC COE, Vilnius, Lithuania E-mail: arunas. molis@enseccoe. org www. enseccoe. org NATO ENSEC COE Looking to the future