- Slides: 19
State, Nation, or Nation. State? • STATE: A formal political entity/union (a country!) Characteristics of a State: 1. Defined territorial borders 2. Permanent population 3. Organized government & laws 4. Sovereignty (no higher authority) 5. Recognized by other countries Examples?
Examples: State Countrie s!
State, Nation, or Nation. State? • NATION: Group of people who see themselves linked together in some shared manner • • • Such as shared… ethnicity culture language history religion Examples?
Examples: Nation Palestin e
Examples: Nation Tibet
Examples: Nation Cheroke e
State, Nation, or Nation. State? • NATION-STATE: A formal political unit inhabited by people who share culture, language, history, etc. • State + Nation = Nation-State Examples?
Examples: Nation-State Israel
Examples: Nation-State Japan
Examples: Nation-State The U. S. Even though we’re different, we share
State, Nation, or Nation. State? • In Europe in 1815, only France, England, and Spain could be called nation-states • But soon that would change as nationalist movements achieved success
What is Nationalism? • FEELING of pride in one’s nation • The ATTITUDE that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity • The ACTIONS that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) determination (autonomy) self-
What is Nationalism? • After the Age of Revolutions, it was the growing BELIEF that people’s greatest loyalty should not be to a king or empire, but to a nation of people who share a common culture & history
Nationalism Develops When… 1. People become emotionally attached to the territory that they think of as home
Nationalism Develops When… 2. People identify themselves with the country’s past & future
Nationalism Develops When… 3. People speak the same language 4. People share culture (i. e. food, dress, etc)
Nationalism Develops When… 5. Citizens work together for some kind of national cause – Example: – Independence
Types of Nationalist Movements Type Characteristics Examples Unification Mergers of politically divided but culturally similar lands 19 th Century Germany 19 th Century Italy Separation Culturally distinct group resists being added to a state or tries to break away State-Building Culturally distinct groups form into a new state by accepting a single culture Greeks in the Ottoman Empire The United States