- Slides: 14
NATIONALISM AND THE PERSIAN WARS
HOW DID NATIONALISM DEFINE ANCIENT GREECE?
What is you opinion of the United States in relation to other countries?
WHAT IS NATIONALISM?
WHAT IS NATIONALISM? An immense amount of pride in one’s nation. Most times it is characterized by the belief that one’s own nation and culture are superior to all others.
THE BATTLE OF MARATHON September 11, 490 B. C. 20, 000 Persian forces invaded Greece just north of Athens. � Goal was to conquer Greece Athens assembles a defense force of 10, 000 hoplites (citizen soldiers). � Led by Miltiades
“On sons of the Hellenes! Fight for the freedom of your country! Fight for the freedom of your children and of your wives, for the gods of your fathers and for the sepulchers (graves) of your ancestors! All are now stake upon the strife! ~ Aeschylus
THE BATTLE OF MARATHON
BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE Fought September 8 -10, 480 B. C. Alliance of Greek City. States led by King Leonidas of Sparta vs. Persian Empire of Xerxes � 7, 000 Greeks versus 100, 000 – 300, 000 Persians Spartan 300
BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE
PELOPONNESIAN WAR Terrain of Greece made it impossible for the Greeks to unite � Greeks developed extreme loyalty to their city-states 2 biggest city-states were Athens and Sparta Athens reigned supreme after the Persian War