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National Park Service Founded 1916
National Park Service The NPS began as stewards of our National Treasures
National Park Service Its role has expanded
National Park Service Missing Chapters in America’s Story
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal America’s Early Years All 13 Original Colonies border the Ocean. Expansion must go West
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal Appalachian Mountains • Obstacle to Growth • Inhibits Travel & Trade
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal George Washington • Canal Solution • Two Canals – Connect New York to New Orleans
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal America’s First Major Infrastructure Project Alfred Kelley – Ohio De. Witt Clinton – New York
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal Outcomes America opens internal trade, economy Increased Westward Expansion New York City becomes the financial capital of the U. S. Ohio Becomes Third Most Populous State Third Richest Establishes Settlement Patterns
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal Era 1820 – 1913 Built from 1825 to 1833 Destroyed in the “Great Flood” of 1913
Ohio & Erie Canal The Ohio & Erie Canal Railroad Era – 1850 Year-round travel option Replaces Canals Alfred Kelley, major proponent
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Ohio & Erie Canal Reuse • The first National Heritage Corridor is designated in 1985, based on the I&M Canal • New Affiliated Units of the National Park Service • Today there are 49 National Heritage Areas
The Ohio & Erie Canalway National Heritage Area What is it? Where is it? Why does it exist?
The Ohio & Erie Canalway What is the Ohio & Erie Canalway? 110 -mile district from Cleveland’s lakeshore to New Philadelphia, OH in the south One of 49 National Heritage Areas "Preserve and Interpret… lands, waterways, and structures” "Encourage economic opportunities enhancing the quality of life” "Provide a management framework"
The Ohio & Erie Canalway What is the Ohio & Erie Canalway? Unique – “ a new kind of park” A mix of ownership & management A partnership approach to all projects and issues
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Where is the Ohio & Erie Canalway?
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Why does the Ohio & Erie Canalway exist? • Grassroots efforts – Canalway Partners and Ohio & Erie Canalway Coalition led the legislative process. • Legislation creating the heritage area passed in 1996 • OECA – Management Plan completed 2000
The Ohio & Erie Canalway What is the Ohio & Erie Canalway? • Identify, then preserve the significant natural, historic and cultural resources • Connect resources through transportation network of trails, train and scenic byway • Interpret resources within storyline of settlement and development
The Ohio & Erie Canalway How does it work? • Canalway Centers • Journey Gateways • Three Transportation Spines
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Towpath Trail The CINDER SPINE of the Ohio & Erie Canalway
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad The IRON SPINE of the Ohio & Erie Canalway
The Ohio & Erie Canalway America Byway The ASPHALT SPINE of the Ohio & Erie Canalway
The Ohio & Erie Canalway Center • Orientation, information, interpretation center • Along Towpath Trail – connector trail • Near/along Scenic Railroad • Along Scenic Byway Four designated sites: • Akron • Cleveland • Stark County • Zoar/ Bolivar
The Ohio & Erie Canalway A Journey Gateway • Preserves and promotes significant natural cultural or historic resources as anchors for visitation • Positions community for economic reinvestment • Interprets settlement story • Sited along Scenic Byway • Sited along Scenic Railroad/Depot • Sited along Towpath or connector trail
Ohio & Erie Canalway The Ohio & Erie Canalway Programs Diverse – Based on Management Goals • Interpretive/Educational • Recreational • Environmental
The Ohio & Erie Canalway What is the Ohio & Erie Canalway? Product Promotion • Interpretive Framework • Logo/ Identity/ Signage • Marketing Plan
The Ohio & Erie Canalway We’re Just Beginning!