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National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council

National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council Impacts in the Pacific Coastline Shifting Ranges of Checkerspot Butterflies • Edith’s checkerspot: range has shifted northward and to higher elevations over 40+ years • Quino checkerspot: first endangered species for which climate change is officially listed as a threat and as a factor in the plan for its recovery Image courtesy of Dr. Gordon Pratt, www. quinocheckerspot. com.

National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council

National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council Impacts in the Pacific Coastline Changes in the Water • Shift in species ranges: many species moving northward • Mysterious dead zones along Washington and Oregon coastline: cause undetermined but potential links to climate change Scientists retrieve a water sample for research on a recurring “dead zone” off the coasts of Washington and Oregon. Image courtesy of Oregon State University.

National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council

National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council Impacts in the Pacific Coastline California Wine Industry: Unwelcome Changes? • Climate change affects managed ecosystems like vineyards and farms just as it affects natural ecosystems • Future warming unlikely to help wine growers in California’s premium wine regions: some areas projected to become “marginal” by 2100