- Slides: 13
Nation of Islam
Beginnings of the Nation of Islam � Timothy Drew founded the Moorish-Science movement which had some Muslim practices wearing Fezzes, used the Qur'an, chose Muslim names and denied certain fundamental Christian beliefs.
Beginning of the Nation of Islam � His movement was a mixture of "Black nationalism and Christian revivalism with an awkward, confusing admixture of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. " Noble Drew Ali taught that blacks were no longer blacks or Negroes but "Moorish-Americans" which was a claim to Islam. � The movement spread to Pittsburgh, Detroit, Chicago and to some places in the South. However, after his death in 1929 the movement lurched along.
Wallace D. Fard � The nation of Islam- founded by Wallace Fard in 1930. � Juxtaposed Garvey’s militant black nationalism with noble drew Ali’s Islamic theology. � Talked of Asiatic black men who ruled the earth unchallenged for 76 trillion years
Wallace D. Fard � Wallace Fard, also known as W. Farad Muhammad, the Prophet, was founder the first Temple of Islam which evolved into the Nation of Islam or the Black Muslims. Authentic, documented information about Fard is very scarce and there is only a four year period (1930 -1934) in which dependable information exists. � According to Fard, he was born in Mecca to wealthy parents in the tribe of Koreish, the tribe of the Prophet Mohammad. � According to FBI records, however, Fard was born in 1891 in New Zealand. He arrived in the United States in 1913 and briefly settled in Portland, Oregon. � Fard was arrested in California in 1918 for possession of alcohol (against the state law of prohibition) and again in 1926 for the possession of narcotics. � After spending time in San Quentin Prison in California, Fard was released and moved to Detroit, Michigan.
Founding Beliefs � He taught that the Black African Diaspora were all of Muslim heritage, ” and were the “lost-found members of the tribe of Shabazz. ”He called whites “blue-eyed devils. ” � He claimed that whites used “tricknology” to exploit blacks. � Human culture began in Africa. � He dropped the Western names and used X instead. � He founded the University of Islam in Detroit. � Fard mysteriously disappeared in 1934 and was later elevated to a divine status.
The Honorable Elijah Muhammad � Elijah Muhammad, born Elijah Poole in Sandersville, GA on Oct. 7, 1897. He was one of 13 children born to a Baptist preacher and his wife; what he learned about Islam "early" was from Wallace Fard. He revived Islam in the US.
The NOI and Islam, Christianity, and Judiasm �Islam is the religion of the Black man. �Christianity is the religion of the Devil. �Judaism has been referred to as a “gutter” religion by Louis Farrakhan the current leader of the NOI. • NOI is said to be anti-Semitic • There is friction between the NOI and the Jewish community.
Origin of the Black Man and Woman �Black man and woman is a god and a goddess �Blacks are the original man. �Blacks are asleep and ignorant of their true nature
Origin of the “White Man” Mr. Yacub grafted the Devil (white man) � Mr. Yacub, who had rebelled against God, "extracted the negative from the black man, and grafted a manlike creature out of pure concentrate of evil. The white man 'is the negative side of the original nature. '" � God has given the devil a respite (that's why there is so much evil. ) �
Black Nationalism and Separation �The Nation of Islam wanted at first to be completely separated from whites as a sovereign nation [10% population = 5 states (southern)]. �However, now they want to exist independently within America much like the Amish "self-supporting, autonomous in religious matters and politically quietist. "
Principles and Beliefs of the NOI � � � � � 1. We want freedom. We want a full and complete freedom. 2. We want justice. Equal justice under the law. We want justice applied equally to all, regardless of creed or class or color. 3. We want equality of opportunity. 4. We want our people in America whose parents or grandparents were descendants from slaves, to be allowed to establish a separate state or territory of their own–either on this continent or elsewhere. 5. We want freedom for all Believers of Islam now held in federal prisons. We want freedom for all black men and women now under death sentence in innumerable prisons in the North as well as the South. 6. We want an immediate end to the police brutality and mob attacks against the socalled Negro throughout the United States. 7. As long as we are not allowed to establish a state or territory of our own, we demand not only equal justice under the laws of the United States, but equal employment opportunities–NOW! 8. We want the government of the United States to exempt our people from ALL taxation as long as we are deprived of equal justice under the laws of the land. 9. We want all black children educated, taught and trained by their own teachers. 10. We believe that intermarriage or race mixing should be prohibited.
The End of Times �The NOI is living at the end of time now (Apocalypse) �America is doomed and Allah will rescue the faithful