NARRATOLOGY GRARD GENETTE By Lucie Guillemette and Cynthia

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NARRATOLOGY GÉRARD GENETTE By Lucie Guillemette and Cynthia Lévesque Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

NARRATOLOGY GÉRARD GENETTE By Lucie Guillemette and Cynthia Lévesque Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières http: //www. signosemio. com/genette/narratology. asp

ANALYTICAL CATEGORIES A. Narrative Mood B. Narrative Instance C. Narrative Levels D. Narrative Time

ANALYTICAL CATEGORIES A. Narrative Mood B. Narrative Instance C. Narrative Levels D. Narrative Time

A. NARRATIVE MOOD § Distance § Functions of the narrator

A. NARRATIVE MOOD § Distance § Functions of the narrator

DISTANCE 1. Narratized speech Example: He confided in his friend, telling him about his

DISTANCE 1. Narratized speech Example: He confided in his friend, telling him about his mother's death. 2. Transposed speech, indirect style Example: He confided to his friend that his mother had passed away. 3. Transposed speech, free indirect style Example: He confided to his friend: his mother had passed away. 4. Reported speech Example: He confided to his friend: "My mother passed away. "

THE FUNCTIONS OF THE NARRATOR 1. The narrative function 2. The directing function 3.

THE FUNCTIONS OF THE NARRATOR 1. The narrative function 2. The directing function 3. The communication function 4. The testimonial function 5. The ideological function

B. NARRATIVE INSTANCE § Narrative Voice § Time of the Narration § Narrative Perspective

B. NARRATIVE INSTANCE § Narrative Voice § Time of the Narration § Narrative Perspective

NARRATIVE VOICE 1. Homodiegetic Narrator 2. Heterodiegetic Narrator 3. Autodiegetic Narrator

NARRATIVE VOICE 1. Homodiegetic Narrator 2. Heterodiegetic Narrator 3. Autodiegetic Narrator

TIME OF THE NARRATION 1. Subsequent narration 2. Prior narration 3. Simultaneous narration 4.

TIME OF THE NARRATION 1. Subsequent narration 2. Prior narration 3. Simultaneous narration 4. Interpolated narration

NARRATIVE PERSPECTIVE 1. Zero focalization 2. Internal focalization 3. External focalization

NARRATIVE PERSPECTIVE 1. Zero focalization 2. Internal focalization 3. External focalization

C. NARRATIVE LEVELS 1. Embedded Narrator 2. Metalepses

C. NARRATIVE LEVELS 1. Embedded Narrator 2. Metalepses

D. NARRATIVE TIME § Order § Duration § Frequency

D. NARRATIVE TIME § Order § Duration § Frequency

ORDER 1. Analepsis Example (fictitious): I woke up in a good mood this morning.

ORDER 1. Analepsis Example (fictitious): I woke up in a good mood this morning. In my mind were memories of my childhood, with Mum singing every morning, her voice ringing out. 2. Prolepsis Example (fictitious): How will my adventure in Europe affect me? I will never be able to look at my family and friends in the same way; surely I will become contentious and distant.

DURATION 1. Pause: NT = n; ST = 0 2. Scene: NT = ST

DURATION 1. Pause: NT = n; ST = 0 2. Scene: NT = ST 3. Summary: NT < ST 4. Ellipsis: NT = 0; ST = n

FREQUENCY 1. Singulative narration: 1 N / 1 S or n. N / n.

FREQUENCY 1. Singulative narration: 1 N / 1 S or n. N / n. S 2. Repeating narrative: n. N /1 S 3. Iterative narrative: 1 N/n. S

REFERENCES CITED § § GENETTE, G. , Figures III, Paris: Seuil, 1972. § GENETTE,

REFERENCES CITED § § GENETTE, G. , Figures III, Paris: Seuil, 1972. § GENETTE, G. , Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method, trans. Jane Lewin, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980. § GENETTE, G. , Nouveau discours du récit, Paris: Seuil, 1983. § GENETTE, G. , Narrative Discourse Revisited, trans. J. Lewin, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980. § ANGELET, C. and J. HERMAN, "Narratologie", in M. Delcroix and F. Hallyn (dir. ), Introduction aux études littéraires, Paris: Duculot, 1987 (consulted but not cited). § REUTER, Y. , L’analyse du récit, Paris: Dunod, 1987 (consulted but not cited).