- Slides: 28
Names Of The Holy Spirit / Holy Ghost The Spirit of Truth The Comforter / Helper / Spirit of God The Spirit My Spirit His Spirit of the Lord
The Nature Of The Holy Spirit "Jesus Christ, a little babe like all the rest of us have been, grew to be a man, was filled with a divine substance or fluid, called the Holy Spirit" (Key to Theology by Parley P. Pratt, p. 38) – Mormons "As for the 'Holy Spirit', the so-called 'third person of the trinity', we have already seen that it is, not a person, but God's active force. " (The Truth That Leads To Eternal Life, pg. 24) - Jehovah's Witnesses
The Holy Spirit is a person, not a thing. He GUIDES, hears, speaks, tells, John 16. 12 -13 He TEACHES, John 14. 26 He SPEAKS, 1 Tim. 4. 1; Acts 1. 16; 8. 29 He has KNOWLEDGE, 1 Cor. 2. 11 | intellect He can be INSULTED, Heb. 10. 29 | emotions He can make JUDGMENTS, Acts 5. 3; 15. 28 | conscience He has a WILL, 1 Cor. 12. 11 | will
The Holy Spirit Is DEITY He is GOD, Acts 5. 3 -4, 9 He is OMNISCIENT | knows all things, 1 Cor. 2. 10 -11 He is OMNIPRESENT | everywhere, Psalm 139. 7 -10 He is called the "ETERNAL" Spirit, Heb. 9. 14 He helped CREATE the world, Gen. 1. 2; Job 33. 4 He is the SOURCE of miracles, Matt. 1. 18 -20; Acts 2. 4, 33; Heb. 2. 3 -4
What Is INSPIRATION? 2 Tim. 3. 16 -17, “given by inspiration” is rendered as “God breathed” The Scriptures (Greek: writings) had a divine origin & are authoritative The Bible is the mind of God, 1 Cor. 2. 11 The Bible is the final word in religious matters, Rom. 4. 3 The writers considered one another’s productions to be inspired of God, 1 Tim. 5. 18; 2 Peter 3. 15 -16
What Role Did The Holy Spirit Play In Inspiration? He Inspired the OT Prophets of God, 1 Peter 1. 10 -11; 2 Peter 1. 19 -21; Zechariah 7. 12 God sent His Word > By His Spirit > By His prophets > To His people “saith the Lord” occurs 815 in the KJV “saith God” occurs 3 times in the KJV “The word of the Lord came unto me” occurs 46 times in the KJV “The Spirit of the lord spake by me” occurs 1 time in the KJV
What Role Did The Holy Spirit Play In Inspiration? “Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book…” Exo. 17. 14 “The Spirit of the Lord speaks by me; his word is on my tongue. ” 2 Sam. 23. 2 “Then the Lord put out his hand touched my mouth. And the Lord said to me, ‘Behold, I have put my words in your mouth. ’” Jer. 1. 9 “Thus says the Lord: Stand in the court of the Lord's house, and speak to all the cities of Judah that come to worship in the house of the Lord all the words that I command you to speak to them; do not hold back a word. ” Jeremiah 26. 2 He also inspired the Apostles, 2 Peter 3. 2; John 14; 15; 16
What About The Words? Some claim the Bible is inspired to some degree, or in some “sense, ” but the words are not inspired. If the words of the Bible are not inspired of God, then the Bible contains no inspiration at all! These are not human words…
What About The Words? “And when they bring you to trial and deliver you over, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. ” Mark 13. 11 “Settle it therefore in your minds not to meditate beforehand how to answer, 15 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which none of your adversaries will be able to withstand or contradict. ” Luke 21. 14 -15
What About The Words? “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. ” John 14. 26 “When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. ” John 16. 13
What About The Words? “Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand by the mouth of David concerning Judas…” Acts 1. 16 “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance. ” Acts 2. 4 “The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your fathers through Isaiah the prophet…” Acts 28. 25
What About The Words? 1 Cor. 2. 1 -13 “For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you…” 1 Cor. 11. 23 “If anyone thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual, he should acknowledge that the things I am writing to you are a command of the Lord. ” 1 Cor. 14. 37
What About The Words? “For I would have you know, brothers, that the gospel that was preached by me is not man's gospel. For I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ. ” Gal. 1. 11 -12 “how the mystery was made known to me by revelation, as I have written briefly. When you read this, you can perceive my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit. ” Eph. 3. 3 -5
What About The Words? “And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God…” 1 Thess. 2. 13 “For you know what instructions we gave you through the Lord Jesus. ” 1 Thess. 4. 2 “Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you. ” 1 Thess. 4. 8 “For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord…” 1 Thess. 4. 15
What About The Words? “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness…” 2 Tim. 3. 16
What About The Words? Men acted as spokesmen or messengers, but they made clear it was not their message. God did not merely inspire men with "concepts" or "ideas" and then leave them to their own creative abilities to speak for God. Every word in the Bible originated with God; not “part of, ” “some of, ” “much of, ” or “most of, ” but all!
What About The Words? Jesus Christ endorsed the concept of verbal inspiration, Matt. 5. 17 -18 This explains how 40 fallible authors could produce an infallible book Not one word is in the Bible by the will of man; except for the corrupted translations
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? The Scriptures were originally penned in Hebrew, Aramaic (O. T. ) and Greek (N. T. ), but since the Scriptures have been translated into many languages, has the Bible’s initial inspiration been destroyed?
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? When a word is translated precisely from one language into another, the same thought or idea is conveyed; thus, the same message is received. In the 3 rd-2 nd centuries B. C. , the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek. This version, which was begun in Alexandria, Egypt, is known as the Septuagint. The Septuagint (LXX) is a Greek translation of the Old Testament that dates from the 3 rd century B. C. The abbreviation LXX is because the Septuagint had 70 translators. By the 1 st century, the Septuagint was the Bible for Greekspeaking Jews due to the availability and language of the Jews at that particular time.
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? What does all this mean? The New Testament authors frequently quoted from the translation of the Hebrew Scriptures!!! Christ quoted from the Septuagint, Matt. 22. 31 -32; Exo. 3. 6 The translation from Hebrew to Greek did not alter the fact that the message was the Word of God! This demonstrates that the translation process did not destroy sacred truth.
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? What about the N. T. ? There about 24, 000 copies of the N. T. , 5, 300 Greek 10, 000 Latin 9, 000 miscellaneous copies We can be sure that nothing has been lost. The New Testament reflects today what was written 2, 000 years ago.
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? Why different words? 1 Thessalonians 4. 15 (KJV) For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 1 Thessalonians 4. 15 (NKJV) For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. Dictionary. com Prevent: to hinder or stop from doing something Archaic: to precede: to go or come before
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? The writings of the New Testament were so profusely quoted by the ante-nicene “fathers” (AD. 325 and back), that it is said that if the whole New Testament were destroyed, it could be reproduced entirely from their citations — with the exception of about a dozen verses (Hastings, H. L. 1890. The Inspiration of the Bible. P. 12. Elgin, IL: Brethren Publishing House. )
Does Translation Affect Inspiration? “For the word of God is living and active…” Heb. 4. 12 “The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever. ” Isaiah 40. 8 Does Translation Affect Inspiration? No!
The Bible Is The Word Of God! Thus, It Must Be Obeyed!