# Multivariate Probability Distributions Multivariate Random Variables In many

- Slides: 16

Multivariate Probability Distributions

Multivariate Random Variables • In many settings, we are interested in 2 or more characteristics observed in experiments • Often used to study the relationship among characteristics and the prediction of one based on the other(s) • Three types of distributions: – Joint: Distribution of outcomes across all combinations of variables levels – Marginal: Distribution of outcomes for a single variable – Conditional: Distribution of outcomes for a single variable, given the level(s) of the other variable(s)

Joint Distribution

Marginal Distributions

Conditional Distributions • Describes the behavior of one variable, given level(s) of other variable(s)

Expectations

Expectations of Linear Functions

Variances of Linear Functions

Covariance of Two Linear Functions

Multinomial Distribution • Extension of Binomial Distribution to experiments where each trial can end in exactly one of k categories • n independent trials • Probability a trial results in category i is pi • Yi is the number of trials resulting in category I • p 1+…+pk = 1 • Y 1+…+Yk = n

Multinomial Distribution

Multinomial Distribution

Conditional Expectations When E[Y 1|y 2] is a function of y 2, function is called the regression of Y 1 on Y 2

Unconditional and Conditional Mean

Unconditional and Conditional Variance

Compounding • Some situations in theory and in practice have a model where a parameter is a random variable • Defect Rate (P) varies from day to day, and we count the number of sampled defectives each day (Y) – Pi ~Beta(a, b) Yi |Pi ~Bin(n, Pi) • Numbers of customers arriving at store (A) varies from day to day, and we may measure the total sales (Y) each day – Ai ~ Poisson(l) Yi|Ai ~ Bin(Ai, p)

- Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random Variables Random
- Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random Variables Random
- Probability Distributions Random Variables Discrete Probability Distributions Mean
- Discrete Probability Distributions Random variables Discrete probability distributions
- Probability Distributions Random Variables Discrete Probability Distributions Mean
- Discrete Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random Variables
- Discrete Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random Variables
- Probability Random Variables Probability Random Variables n Randomness
- Jointly distributed Random variables Multivariate distributions Discrete Random
- Distributions Relations Probability Distributions Probability distributions are an
- Random Variables and Probability Distributions l A random
- Chapter 7 Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random
- Discrete Probability Distributions Random Variables Random Variable RV
- Probability Distributions Chapter 7 Random Variables A Random
- 4 1 Probability Distributions Random Variables A random
- Continuous Probability Distributions Continuous Random Variables and Probability