MUGHAL INDIA 1526 1857 Kennady Montgomery Milo Jaber

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MUGHAL INDIA 1526 -1857 • Kennady Montgomery, Milo Jaber, Kyla Acacio. Sprague, Maria-iris Aviles

MUGHAL INDIA 1526 -1857 • Kennady Montgomery, Milo Jaber, Kyla Acacio. Sprague, Maria-iris Aviles

z Factors Leading to Rise z

z Factors Leading to Rise z

z Military § In 1526, Babur successfully invaded India with 12, 000 troops and

z Military § In 1526, Babur successfully invaded India with 12, 000 troops and defeated the army of Sultan Ibrahim who had 100, 000 troops § Over Akbar's 40 -year reign he conquered more than half the Indian subcontinent § Akbar was ruthless in putting down any opposition § Emperor Aurangzeb carried out a long and bloody military campaign that brought most of southern India into the Mughal Empire

z Cultural § Art and culture flourished under Akbar’s rule § Mughal architects mixed

z Cultural § Art and culture flourished under Akbar’s rule § Mughal architects mixed Islamic and Indian styles to create buildings with great domes, arches, and minarets § Buildings were decorated with carvings, mosaics, and other intricate designs § Akbar promoted tolerance by allowing his subjects to worship as they pleased

z Political § The Mughal dynasty was founded by Babur, a descendant of the

z Political § The Mughal dynasty was founded by Babur, a descendant of the Mongol rulers Timur And Genghis Khan § Mughal was the Persian word for “Mongol” § The Golden Age – Akbar took power at the age of 13 § Akbar divided India into provinces and districts and established an efficient system of administration

z Economic § Akbar reformed the tax system to reduce taxes on peasant farmers

z Economic § Akbar reformed the tax system to reduce taxes on peasant farmers § Mughal’s economy was dependent trade and commerce § Aurangzeb reinstated the much-hated taxes on Hindus § During the Mughal era, India's economy was larger than that of any European nation

z Social § Mughal had a population of some 150 million people § By

z Social § Mughal had a population of some 150 million people § By the 1700 s, rebellions were breaking out mostly as a result of Aurangzeb's rule § Taj Mahal was built by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife § Akbar recognized the need for the support of India's diverse population

z Reasons for Decline z

z Reasons for Decline z

z Decline § European influence was growing in India § Aurangzeb's focus on conquest

z Decline § European influence was growing in India § Aurangzeb's focus on conquest distracted him from the empire's critical needs and depleted the royal treasury § The harsh treatment toward Hindus turned many Indians against Mughal rule § England took over large parts of the Mughal Empire