Ms Susan M Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua

  • Slides: 19
Download presentation
Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY & Modified by Mrs. Christy

Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY & Modified by Mrs. Christy WYHS Whitehall, OH

British economic moves • • Navigation Acts Unified Kingdom West Indian sugar African slaves

British economic moves • • Navigation Acts Unified Kingdom West Indian sugar African slaves

King Charles II • Proprietorship- land given to an aristocrat by the Crown •

King Charles II • Proprietorship- land given to an aristocrat by the Crown • Goal was manorial system (feudalism) • Carolinas • Pennsylvania • New Jersey • New York

New Netherlands Becomes a British Royal Colony Charles II granted New Netherland’s land to

New Netherlands Becomes a British Royal Colony Charles II granted New Netherland’s land to his brother, the Duke of York, [before he controlled the area!] Renamed “New York” § England gained strategic harbor between her northern & southern colonies. § England now controlled the Atlantic coast!

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

The Quakers Called Quakers because they “quaked” during intense religious practices. Bought [didn’t simply

The Quakers Called Quakers because they “quaked” during intense religious practices. Bought [didn’t simply take] land from Indians. Quakers went among the Indians unarmed. BUT……. . non-Quaker Europeans flooded PA § Treated native peoples poorly. § This undermined the actions of the Quakers!

William Penn Aristocratic Englishman. Embraced Quakerism after military service. 1681 he received a grant

William Penn Aristocratic Englishman. Embraced Quakerism after military service. 1681 he received a grant from king to establish a colony. § This settled a debt the king owed his father. § Named Pennsylvania [“Penn’s Woodland”].

Royal Land Grant to Penn

Royal Land Grant to Penn

Penn’s Treaty with the Native Americans

Penn’s Treaty with the Native Americans

Pennsylvanian Society Attracted many different people § Religious misfits from other colonies. § Many

Pennsylvanian Society Attracted many different people § Religious misfits from other colonies. § Many different ethnic groups. No provision for military defense. No restrictions on immigration. No slavery!! “Blue Laws” [sumptuary laws] against stage plays, cards, dice, excessive hilarity, etc. A society that gave its citizens economic opportunity, civil liberty, & religious freedom!!

Philadelphia & Boston Compared

Philadelphia & Boston Compared

Urban Population Growth 1650 - 1775

Urban Population Growth 1650 - 1775

The Carolinas

The Carolinas

The West Indies Way Station to Mainland America 1670 a group of small English

The West Indies Way Station to Mainland America 1670 a group of small English farmers from the West Indies arrived in Carolina. Names for King Charles II. The King granted Carolina to 8 supporters [Lord Proprietors].

Back to England… Mercantilism • Theory- colonies produce agricultural good & raw materials then

Back to England… Mercantilism • Theory- colonies produce agricultural good & raw materials then English merchants would carry them to England • Some good would be traded • Others would be manufactured then exported • Good from America had to pass through England

James II • “Divine right of Kings” • Navigation Acts • Dominion of New

James II • “Divine right of Kings” • Navigation Acts • Dominion of New England – Mass. Bay, CT, RI, & Plymouth • Glorious Revolution- William & Mary

Northern Maritime Economy • New England & West Indies – NE would ship wheat,

Northern Maritime Economy • New England & West Indies – NE would ship wheat, corn, bread • Bills of exchange

Effects • More transatlantic trade • More British & German migrants • Growing cities

Effects • More transatlantic trade • More British & German migrants • Growing cities • Growing upper class • Growing large working class

Salutary Neglect • King George I & II • Loophole in the new Navigation

Salutary Neglect • King George I & II • Loophole in the new Navigation Act • Helped the French West Indies produce low-cost sugar & outsell Britain in Europe • Led to the Molasses Act 1733 • currency issues • Currency Act 1751