- Slides: 7
Mozart’s Symphony #40
Instruments of the Symphony Orchestra
Background • Mozart wrote his Symphony #40 in 1788 in Vienna. • It has been nick-named the “Great G-Minor Symphony. ” (The “Little G-Minor Symphony” is #25). • Those are the only two symphonies Mozart wrote in minor. • Mozart wrote his last three symphonies (39, 40, 41) in a period of 10 weeks. • Some have suggested that the first movement expresses Mozart’s frustration with his financial situation or the unpopular with Turkey.
Symphony Forms • Symphonies have 4 Movements 1. 2. 3. 4. Fast movement, always in sonata form Slow movement Minuet & Trio, 3/4 meter Fast movement, sonata or rondo form Rondo Form: A main theme switches off with 2 or 3 different themes. (Abacadabra) Theme Theme A B A C A B A I V I IV I
Symphony Forms (Review) • Theme & Variation: The same theme is played over and over, each time changed in some way. • Minuet & Trio: A small ABA form within a large ABA form.
Sonata Form (Essay) Exposition • Theme #1 In I (or i) key • Bridge Changes to new key • Theme #2 In V (III) key • Cadence Strong ending in new key Development Recapitulation • Theme #1 and Theme #2 are worked over by being broken apart and moved to several new keys. • Bridge Changes back to first key I (i) • A repeat of the Exposition (Theme #1, Bridge, Theme #2, and Cadence) but all in the original key this time (i) Sometimes an Introduction comes before the Exposition, or a Coda comes after the Recapitulation.
Symphony #40, Mvt 1 Listening • Raise your right hand when you hear Theme #1 • Raise your left hand when you hear Theme #2 • Sing along if you wish! • http: //youtu. be/l 45 DAu. XYSIs