- Slides: 14
Mood Disorders • Psychological Disorders characterized by emotional extremes • Dysthymic Disorder • Major/Clinical Depressive Disorder • Bipolar/Manic Disorder • Seasonal Affective Disorder
Depression Definition: • A serious illness that causes feelings of extreme sadness and hopelessness that last more than two weeks. • Referred to as the “common cold” of psychological disorders. Most Common Causes: – – Brain chemistry Medications Heredity Difficult life events
Major Depressive Disorder • A person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressive moods. Includes feelings of worthlessness and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
Depression Symptoms in adolescents • • Poor Performance in School Withdrawl from Friends and Activities Anger & rage Change in Sleeping Patterns Substance Abuse Problems with Authority Self Mutilation
(lesser know) Dysthymic Disorder • Suffering from mild depression every day for at least two years. • Type of low-grade depression. Harder to identify, so it typically goes untreated
Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression that occurs in relation to the seasons, most commonly beginning in winter. The cause of SAD is not known, but it is thought to be related to numerous factors, including: • Lack of sunlight • Inconsistent Body Temperature • Hormone Deficiencies Symptoms: • Depressed State (Fall & Winter) • Carbohydrate Cravings • Decreased Interest in Activities • Increased Weight Gain • Withdrawl from Social Group • Lack of Energy Levels
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Bipolar Disorder • Person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
Famous People with Bipolar