MOBILE EQUIPMENT SAFETY n REFRESHER n STEVE FRANKLIN n NCM&QB
30 CFR-56 STANDARDS n n n n . 14100 (a) (b) (c) (d) Safety defects, examination, correction & records. 14105 Procedures during repairs or maintenance. 14130 (2) (g) Roll over structures & seat belts. 14132 Horns & backup alarms. 14200 Warnings prior to starting or moving eq. . 14207 Parking procedures for unattended eq. . 9101 Operating speeds & control of equipment
30 CFR § 56. 14100 n Safety defects; examination, correction and records. n SAFETY DEVICES AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS (a) Self-propelled mobile equipment to be used during a shift shall be inspected by the equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift.
30 CFR § 56. 14100 n (b) Defects on any equipment, machinery, and tools that affect safety shall be corrected in a timely manner to prevent the creation of a hazard to persons.
30 CFR § 56. 14100 n (c) When defects make continued operation hazardous to persons, the defective items including self-propelled mobile equipment shall be taken out of service and placed in a designated area posted for that purpose, or a tag or other effective method of marking the defective items shall be used to prohibit further use until the defects are correct
30 CFR § 56. 14100 n (d) Defects on self-propelled mobile equipment affecting safety, which are not corrected immediately, shall be reported to and recorded by the mine operator. The records shall be kept at the mine or nearest mine office from the date the defects are recorded, until the defects are corrected. Such records shall be made available for inspection by an authorized representative of the Secretary.
MINE FATALITY On April 4, 2005, a 47 -year-old mechanic, with 28 years mining . experience, was fatally injured at an underground Trona mine. A forklift was being used to position a motor that was being installed on a continuous miner. The forklift engine was shut off to facilitate communication. The service brakes failed; allowing the forklift to drift forward. The victim was pinned against the continuous miner.
Best Practices n n Before beginning a task, miners should discuss the work procedures, identify all possible hazards, and ensure steps are taken to safely perform the task. Ensure adequate pre-operational examinations are conducted on all self-propelled mobile equipment and defects affecting safety are promptly corrected. Ensure that all braking systems installed on mobile equipment are functioning properly with the engine operating and also when it is shut off. Always obtain Operator's Manuals and Service Manuals for all mobile equipment and ensure their use by mechanics and operators.
METAL/NONMETAL MINE FATALITY On April 4, 2005, a 47 -year-old laborer, with eight days mining experience, was fatally injured at a surface sand gravel operation. He was operating a skid loader and dumping material into the plant grizzly. The loader traveled onto the grizzly; overturned, and landed on the ground below. The victim, who was not wearing the seat belt, was ejected.
Best Practices n Ensure miners have been Task Trained prior to allowing them to operate mobile equipment. n Install berms, bumper blocks, or similar impeding devices at dumping locations where there is a hazard of overtravel or overturning. n Conduct adequate pre-operational examinations on all self-propelled mobile equipment and correct all defects affecting safety.
BEST PRACTICES CONTINUED n Always wear a seat belt when operating mobile equipment. n Exercise caution when approaching dumping locations; operate mobile equipment at an appropriate speed, and travel with the bucket lowered until stopped and ready to dump.
MINE FATALITY On August 13, 2005, a 56 - year old haul truck driver, with 12 days mining experience, was fatally injured at a crushed stone operation. The victim was operating a haul truck from the primary crusher to the pit. As the truck descended the haul road into the pit, it struck the bank, traveled across the road, climbed the berm, and entered a water filled pit.
Best Practices n Ensure that training for new mobile equipment operators includes a thorough review of the Operator's Manual. n Exercise caution when approaching grades and operate mobile equipment in the appropriate gear at speeds consistent with roadway conditions and the grade being traveled.
MINE FATALITY n On July 30, 2005, a 23 year old contractor equipment operator, with 20 months mining experience, was fatally injured at a surface gold mine. The victim was operating a water truck that left the roadway and climbed the berm, causing it to overturn and land back on the haul road. The victim, who was not wearing a seat belt, was ejected from the cab of the truck.
Best Practices n Stop, Look, Analyze, and Manage (SLAM) each task. n Always wear a seat belt when operating a truck or moving machine. n Exercise caution when approaching grades and operate mobile equipment in the appropriate gear at speeds consistent with the grade being traveled. n Conduct pre-operational checks to identify any defects that may affect the safe operation of equipment before it is placed into service.
MINE FATALITY n On June 29, 2005, a 21 - year old equipment operator, with 12 weeks mining experience, was operating a scraper at a sand gravel operation. The scraper's wheels ran over the edge of the stockpile, causing it to overturn. A co-worker saw the victim jump from the machine. He was fatally injured when the scraper rolled on to its side.
Best Practices n Stop, Look, Analyze, and Manage (SLAM) each task. n Operate mobile equipment so that you maintain control. n Always wear a seat belt when operating mobile equipment. n Never jump from mobile equipment.
MINE FATALITY On July 4, 2001, a 44 -year -old truck driver (contractor employee) with 8 weeks mining experience was fatally injured at a mica quarry. The victim was driving a loaded 30 -ton articulated haulage truck down an 8% grade and exited the truck after losing control. The truck continued down the grade and ran over the victim before coming to a stop against a berm.
Best Practices n Operators of self-propelled mobile equipment should maintain control of their equipment while it is in motion. n Equipment operators should remain in the cab until the vehicle comes to a complete stop. n Equipment operators should wear seatbelts whenever the vehicle is in motion.
MINE FATALITY On May 31, 2005, a 55 -year-old truck driver, with one year and six months mining experience, was fatally injured at an underground limestone mine. The victim was riding in the passenger seat of a haul truck while task training a newly hired miner. The trainee lost control of the truck and traveled through the roadway berm. The truck fell 70 feet to the lower level and landed on its top. The trainee, who was wearing his seat belt, was hospitalized overnight for treatment of his injuries. The victim was not wearing his seat belt.
Best Practices n Ensure that new miners receive Task Training and demonstrate proficiency in all phases of mobile equipment operation at places where production is not the primary objective. Classroom training that includes a through review of the Operator's Manual should be provided prior to operating mobile equipment. n Ensure that experienced miners who administer Task Training are knowledgeable of all safety requirements, proficient in the safe operation of the equipment, and utilize all the required personal protective equipment. n Exercise caution and operate mobile equipment in the appropriate gear at speeds consistent with conditions of the roadway and the experience level of the trainee. n Ensure adequate pre-operational checks are conducted and the service brakes are properly maintained and will stop and hold the mobile equipment prior to operating it.
MINE FATALITY n On Friday, August 19, 2005, two truck drivers, ages 51 and 56, were fatally injured after being struck by a truck. Both victims, along with two other truck drivers, were inside a pump house eating lunch. A parked, unattended, coal truck rolled about 65 feet down the haul road and struck the pump house. The other two drivers sustained fractures, cuts, and bruises.
Best Practices n Set truck parking brakes and block the wheels or turn them into a bank or berm when parking any truck on a grade. n NEVER use a steering column-mounted "dump brake" for parking. n Maintain equipment braking systems in good repair and adjustment.
BEST PRACTICES n Stop, Look, Analyze, and Manage (SLAM) work areas to ensure that safe work procedures are being followed. n Conduct pre-operational checks to identify any defects that may affect the safe operation of equipment before being placed into service.
MINE FATALITY On September 13, 2005, a 64 -year old truck driver, with 25 years mining experience, was fatally injured at a crushed stone operation. The victim, who was not wearing his seatbelt, was dumping material over a 20 -foot high stockpile when the truck overturned.
Best Practices n n Stop, Look, Analyze, and Manage ( SLAM ) each task to identify all possible hazards. Initiate action so the task can be safely performed. Always inspect dumping locations prior to dumping the first load. Where material has been loaded out of the stockpile or where ground conditions may fail to support the weight of the mobile equipment, loads should be dumped a safe distance back from the edge. Maintain berms or similar impeding devices at dumping locations where there is a hazard of overtravel. Fasten your seat belt every time you operate a truck or selfpropelled mobile equipment.
MINE FATALITY n On October 28, 2005, a 32 -year old crusher foreman with 7 years mining experience was fatally injured at a sand gravel operation. The victim and another miner were moving a radial stacking conveyor to a new position. The victim was positioned on the ground while a front-end loader was used to move the unit. He was caught by one of the wheels of the stacking conveyor.
Best Practices n Stop, Look, Analyze, and Manage (SLAM) each task to identify all potential hazards. Prior to starting the task, jointly discuss steps that will be taken to safely perform the job. n Ensure that miners communicate clearly with each other. n Ensure that miners are not positioned in areas where they are exposed to hazards.
MINE FATALITY n On November 4, 2005, a 21 -year old laborer with 5 weeks mining experience was fatally injured at a crushed stone operation. The victim was being task trained to operate a haul truck. While backing down a ramp, he lost control of the truck. The truck went through a berm, overturned, and fell to the bench below.
Best Practices Task train new miners in all phases of mobile equipment operation at locations designated for training only. Provide classroom training that includes a thorough review of the Operator's Manual before hands-on training of operating mobile equipment. n Experienced miners providing task training must be knowledgeable of all safety requirements and proficient in the safe operation of mobile equipment. n Conduct pre-operational checks to identify any defects that may affect the safe operation of mobile equipment before placing it into service. n Always wear a seat belt when operating mobile equipment.
PAY ATTENTION WHILE DRIVING
Safety tips for surface haulage n Always follow the mine’s traffic rules and safety procedures. n Drive defensively. n Buckle up! Seat belts save lives. n Maintain and use your mirrors. n Operate equipment according to road weather, and visibility conditions. n Report unsafe conditions immediately.
Safety tips for surface haulage n Stay in your vehicle’s cab-that’s the safest place to be. n Watch your machine’s blind spot. n Do not park in another vehicle’s blind area. n Signal before moving. n Be sure adequate illumination is maintained in parking areas. n Pay attention to berms and high walls.
Thank you and Create a Safe Day