MISSIONS AND PRESIDIOS OF TEXAS Under spain MISSIONS
- Slides: 14
MISSIONS AND PRESIDIOS OF TEXAS (Under spain)
MISSIONS were built by Spain to establish control of what is now Texas Spread Catholicism to the native population. (GOD, Gold, Glory) Populate Texas People living in the Missions were religious officials such as fathers, monks. PRESIDIOS military outpost; built by Spain to protect the Missions.
Legacy of Missions Established farming/ranching Spread the Spanish culture and language Difficulty converting Native Texans
Names to know Francisco Hidalgo- advocate for missions and Indians; attempted to reestablish missions in East Tx Damian Massanet- founded San Franciso de Los Tejas; established 6 more missions Jose de Escandon- South Tx. ; Known as the “Father of the Lower Rio Grande Valley” Magril de Jesus- founded the most successful mission” San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo”
Mapping the Missions Official Name We’re going to call it… Symbol Date Founded and River Native Americans Served Claim to Fame 1682 Jumano and Rio Grande Tiguas 1 st permanent settlement of Europeans in Texas Tejas Mission 1690 Neches 1 st Spanish mission after La Salle (East TX) San Juan Bautista San Juan 1700 Coahuiltecans Base for many expeditions who aimed to establish missions Rio Grande San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) Tonkawa 1718 San Antonio Coahuiltecans San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo San Jose 1721 Tonkawa San Antonio Coahuiltecans La Bahia del Espiritu Santo La Bahia 1722 Guadalupe San Saba de la Santa Cruz San Saba (The Plains Mission) 1757 San Saba Corpus Christi de Ysleta San Francisco de los Tejas 1 st ½ Caddos (Tejas) Provided grain, cattle, horses Karankawa Apache & Comanche Known as the Alamo ½ point between Rio Grande/ other missions “Queen of the Missions”, considered the Most Beautiful (on the SA Mission Trail) First established on Ft. St. Louis site, then moved (became Goliad) The Plains Mission – Apaches asked for the mission to protect them from Comanches – Failed b/c Plains Indians were too independent
Mission Corpus christi de la isleta 1682 1 st permanent European settlement in Texas. Missions and Presidios were a way to hold on to territory claimed by Spain.
san francisco de los tejas 1690 1 st Spanish Mission built in East Texas. After the failure of the mission, France’s St. Denis expressed interest in trading with the natives of Texas, as a result, Spain began building new missions in Texas.
San antonio de valero (alamo) 1718 Built by Spain to be a half-way point between New Spain (what is now Mexico) and the missions of East Texas.
PRESIDIO SAN ANTONIO de BEXAR 1718 Built by the Spanish to protect San Antonio de Valero. (Alamo)
Key 1 st Ysleta Tejas Mission ½ San Juan Bautista San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) San Jose 1 st La Bahia San Saba River San Saba Mission Neches River ½ Guadalupe River San Antonio River Rio Grande
Motives French Spanish La. Salle Interested in trading with the Natives in Tx. Colonized Tx. In order to control Texas Spanish wanted to control the land its inhabitants Explains why the French had a better relationship with the Natives The French just wanted to trade
JAMESTOWN 1607 1 st permanent English settlement in the New World. Established by England for profit. $$$(GOLD)
PLYMOUTH 1620 Plymouth, Massachussets was established by the Pilgrims who were seeking religious freedom in the New World. (GOD) Mayfower Compact- Set out laws and rules to be followed by settlers 1 st form of representative government in the New World