MISSIONS A Spanish Mission and Presido in Texas
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MISSIONS A Spanish Mission and Presido in Texas in 1690
VISUAL VOC. INFORMATION � � � Spain occupying Texas Make the Indians Civil � � � The La Salle expedition alerted Spain to France’s interest in Texas. The Spanish decided that if they were to keep Texas, they must occupy it. Spanish missions and settlements provided a stronger hold on Texas than the French traders. Make the Indians more Civilized WHY THE MISSIONS WERE CREATED
1 ST MISSION IN TEXAS � In 1682 Spanish friars founded the mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta near present-day El Paso. � To prevent France from taking Texas, the Spanish viceroy ordered new missions to be built in East Texas. Trade between the Spanish and French was stopped �
MISSIONS ESTABLISHED IN EAST TEXAS In 1716, San Francisco de los Tejas became the first Mission established in East Texas. � In 1718, the Mission San Antonio de Valero was founded along with the city of San Antonio. � Today hundreds of people tour the River next to De Valero. �
SPAIN AND FRANCE GO TO WAR In 1719 war broke out between Spain and France. � French soldiers seized the Spanish mission near Nacogdoches. � The Spanish and French accepted a small stream between Los Adaes and Natchitoches as a boundary. �
PLAINS INDIANS RESIST THE MISSIONS � Comanche and Apache tribes resented Missionaries who were seen as intruders on their hunting grounds.
LIFE AT THE MISSIONS � Native American people lived at the Missions, and Friars worked to teach them the Spanish way of life. � Friars gave gifts to attract them, and sometimes the Spaniards used force to get Native Americans to settle nearby. � Native American children at the Missions attended school and received Religious instruction.
WHY THE SPANISH MISSIONS FAILED. Native Americans refused Spanish Help. � Natives did not want to Convert to Catholicism. � Natives were mistreated by the Spanish. � Missions lasted from 1682 -1790. �
SPANISH MISSIONS IN TEXAS. The Caddo liked the Missions because they already believed in One God and they had their own form of Government.