MiningEcology National Mineral Policy INDIA Mineral Resources 89

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Mining-Ecology, National Mineral Policy

Mining-Ecology, National Mineral Policy

INDIA - Mineral Resources 89 minerals out of which 4 are fuel minerals, 11

INDIA - Mineral Resources 89 minerals out of which 4 are fuel minerals, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals n 80% of mining is in coal and the balance 20% is in various metals and other raw materials such as gold, copper, iron, lead, bauxite, zinc and uranium n

Orissa – A Mineral Rich State n Iron-Ore 33% n Bauxite 60% n Chromite

Orissa – A Mineral Rich State n Iron-Ore 33% n Bauxite 60% n Chromite 98% n Coal 25% n Manganese 67% ( of Country’s Reserve)

Surprising Facts More than 9 mn tribals displaced in the country. n Between 1951

Surprising Facts More than 9 mn tribals displaced in the country. n Between 1951 -1995, 1. 5 mn people displaced in Orissa due to various so called Projects!! n Poor Infrastructure – Trucks plying @ 10 kmph n State Emitting 1% of World’s GHGs– 2006 & 5% by 2008 n

EXPLORERS OR EXPLOITERS!! n n n n POSCO of South Korea VEDANTA ALUMINA Ltd

EXPLORERS OR EXPLOITERS!! n n n n POSCO of South Korea VEDANTA ALUMINA Ltd TATA STEEL ADITYA BIRLA GROUP JINDAL STEEL & MINERALS Ltd Continental resources Ltd of Canada DE BEERS ESSAR STEEL & many more……

UP IN THE ARMS!!!! n Protest by Tribals in Kalinganagar, Jajpur Distt & Kashipur

UP IN THE ARMS!!!! n Protest by Tribals in Kalinganagar, Jajpur Distt & Kashipur in Rayagada Distt. n Protest by Environmental Protection Group, Orissa against mining in Niyamgiri Hills n Recent visit by Medha Patkar

Hoda Committee Recommendations n n Simplifying and Streamlining the existing procedures for granting permits

Hoda Committee Recommendations n n Simplifying and Streamlining the existing procedures for granting permits and leases for mining. Recommend Amendments to Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation (MMDR) Act, 1957 to make Value Addition within State a condition for grant of mineral concession Recommendation for introduction of Large Area Prospecting License (LAPL) that proposes a max area of 5, 000 sq km

Response of ORISSA Govt. n Opposed the Recommendations leading to monopoly of big mining

Response of ORISSA Govt. n Opposed the Recommendations leading to monopoly of big mining companies n Opposed Recommendation for introduction of LAPL n Opposed panel's Reconnaissance Permit (RP)

SWOT ANALYSIS

SWOT ANALYSIS

STRENGTHS n Cheap Raw Material & Labour n Setting up of Secondary & Allied

STRENGTHS n Cheap Raw Material & Labour n Setting up of Secondary & Allied Industries n Presence of World Class Port Facilities

WEAKNESS n. Divisive Political Environment n. High Tribal Population(23%) n. Poor Existing Infrastructure Facilities

WEAKNESS n. Divisive Political Environment n. High Tribal Population(23%) n. Poor Existing Infrastructure Facilities

OPPORTUNITIES n Infrastructure Development n Employment Generation n Decline in Migration n Boost in

OPPORTUNITIES n Infrastructure Development n Employment Generation n Decline in Migration n Boost in Over all Economy n Flow of FDI

THREATS n Contamination of Rivers n Drastic Climatic Changes n Decline in Wildlife Habitats

THREATS n Contamination of Rivers n Drastic Climatic Changes n Decline in Wildlife Habitats n Displacement of Tribals n Deprivation of Future Generation of State Mineral Resources

Is there LIGHT at the end of TUNNEL…. . . n n n Active

Is there LIGHT at the end of TUNNEL…. . . n n n Active Participation /Involvement of Local People in Development Compensatory Afforestation Development of Wildlife Management Plan Alternative Livelihood Arrangements for Forest Dwellers Latest Technology to Minimise Pollution

References n n http: //in. news. yahoo. com/041105/43/2 hp ef. html http: //www. hardnewsmedia.

References n n http: //in. news. yahoo. com/041105/43/2 hp ef. html http: //www. hardnewsmedia. com/mar 05/s upp 2. php http: //in. news. yahoo. com/050412/43/2 kp 92. html www. moneycontrol. com/news/economy. ht ml

THANK YOU PANKAJ SHARMA PURNENDU BIKASH GIRI

THANK YOU PANKAJ SHARMA PURNENDU BIKASH GIRI