Ming and Qing Dynasties By Makenzy F Rabekka
Ming and Qing Dynasties By: Makenzy F, Rabekka G, Paris O, Jillian B, Ashley J
Military • Emperor's son of 1403, Yong Le, took power and rebuilt the Great Wall • He made a new capital at Beijing with enclosed high walls • Yong Le controlled military by reserving the top positions for Manchus • Rebel leader of 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang, established a Ming dynasty which rebelled and overthrew the Mongols
Cultural • The Manchus have been influenced by China's culture and took on its traditions. • China reflected the conservative view that other cultures were inferior and had little to offer. • In Chinese terms the Ming have lost The Mandate of Heaven, the traditional right to govern.
Political • Emperor Yongle built a new capital in Bejing • The new capital symbolized the power of the Chinese empire • Emperor Yong Le also expanded China's influence overseas • The Qing dynasty lasted three years
Economic • In the first two countries of the Ming dynasty the population doubled, and trade and commerce increased. • The emperor also reformed the tax system and distributed land to the Chinese peasants. • Ming emperor revived the state examination system, the system of tests was based on Chinese classics
Social • Confucian scholars were again elevated in society. • Classical art and literature were held up as models for artistic expressions. • During Zhu Yuanzhang's 30 -year reign, he brought peace and satiability to china.
Reasons for Decline • China experienced food shortages and famine in the 1800's from the growing population. • Religion broke out and the dynasty faltered. • China fell back into its old ways instead of growing and left itself vulnerable.