MING AND QING DYNASTIES 1368 1911 By Joselyn

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MING AND QING DYNASTIES, 1368 -1911 • By: Joselyn Quich and Cameron Repp

MING AND QING DYNASTIES, 1368 -1911 • By: Joselyn Quich and Cameron Repp

MILITARY The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • The Ming military was the primary

MILITARY The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • The Ming military was the primary military apparatus of China • The founding emperors personally organized and led the armies • They were grouped into guards and battalions • Military institutions were fundamental to the dynasty's initial success and ultimate decay.

CULTURAL The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Ruled china from 1368 to 1644

CULTURAL The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Ruled china from 1368 to 1644 A. D. • Second foreign dynasty to rule all china. • China's population would double. • Name "Qing" meaning pure or clear. • Known for its trade expansion, drama, literature and world -renowned porcelain. • Patrons of Chinese culture employing Chinese scholarofficials high government positions. • Established cultural ties.

POLITICAL The Ming Dynasty • Restored traditional chinese rule. • Reformed the tax system.

POLITICAL The Ming Dynasty • Restored traditional chinese rule. • Reformed the tax system. • Agriculture flourished. The Qing Dynasty • The continued political legitimacy depended on the military's ability to defend the country from invasion. • Ruled according to Confucian principles.

ECONOMIC The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Massive agricultural surplus that became the

ECONOMIC The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Massive agricultural surplus that became the basis of a market economy. • Largest and most populated empire in the developed world. • Rise of commercial plantations. • Introduced the world to Chinese luxuries like tea and textiles like silk. • Tea, fruit, paint, and produced on a massive scale. • During the 18 th century, the population numbers doubled, caused by the period of peace and stability.

SOCIAL The Ming Dynasty • Social structure influenced by Confucian thought. • Before the

SOCIAL The Ming Dynasty • Social structure influenced by Confucian thought. • Before the Ming dynasty, China was divided into four classes: merchants, farmers, artisans, and gentry. • Four occupations, they were Shi, Nong, Gong, and Shang. The Qing Dynasty • (221 B. C. - A. D. 1840), Chinese government divided Chinese people into Four classes: • Landlord • Peasants • Craftsmen • Marchant. • Emperor hereditary.

REASONS FOR DECLINE The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Lost the mandate of

REASONS FOR DECLINE The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty • Lost the mandate of heaven • Leadership • Famine • Finance • Rebellions • Military Institutions

THANK YOU! THE END.

THANK YOU! THE END.