# Microsoft Excel 2010 Excel Spreadsheet Microsoft Excel is

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Microsoft Excel 2010

Excel Spreadsheet � Microsoft Excel is an electronic spreadsheet. � As with a paper spreadsheet, you can use Excel to organize your data into rows and columns and to perform mathematical calculations.

The Microsoft Excel Window

Excel Worksheets • The combination of a column coordinate and a row coordinate make up a cell address. • For example, cell E 10 is located under column E on row 10.

The Formula Bar If the Formula bar is turned on, the cell address of the cell you are in displays in the Name box which is located on the left side of the Formula bar. � Cell entries display on the right side of the Formula bar. �

The Status Bar � The Status bar is at the bottom of the Excel window – provides information about selected numbers.

Customizing the Status Bar � You can change what displays on the Status bar by right-clicking on the Status bar and selecting the options you want from the Customize Status Bar menu.

The Name Box � You can also use the Name box to go to a specific cell. Just type the cell you want to go to in the Name box and then press Enter.

Select Cells You can also select an area by holding down the left mouse button and dragging the mouse over the area.

Enter Data � � � Place the cursor in the cell in which you want to enter data. Type some data, and then press Enter. To delete, press the Backspace key one character at a time.

Edit Cell- Using Formula Bar Move the cursor to cell. � Click in the formula area of the Formula bar. � Make changes, press Enter �

Excel Formulas � Perform Mathematical Calculations � Whether you enter a number or a formula, you can reference the cell when you perform mathematical calculations � When entering a mathematical formula, precede the formula with an equal sign. › › › + Addition - Subtraction * Multiplication / Division ^ Exponential

Example - Addition � � Type 1 in cell A 2. Press Enter. (Step 3, above) Type 1 in cell A 3. Press Enter. (Step 5, above) Type =A 2+A 3 in cell A 4. (Step 7, above) Click the check mark on the Formula bar. Excel adds cell A 1 to cell A 2 and displays the result in cell A 4. The formula displays on the Formula bar. (Step 8, above)

Valid Formulas � When creating formulas, you can reference cells and include numbers. All of the following formulas are valid: =A 2/B 2 =A 1+12 -B 3 =A 2*B 2+12 =24+53

Autosum You can use the Auto. Sum button on the Home tab to automatically add a column or row of numbers. � When you press the Auto. Sum button , Excel selects the numbers it thinks you want to add. � If you then click the check mark on the Formula bar or press the Enter key, Excel adds the numbers. � If Excel's guess as to which numbers you want to add is wrong, you can select the cells you want. �

Autosum Example

Insert and Delete Columns and Rows When you delete a column, you delete everything in the column from the top of the worksheet to the bottom of the worksheet. � When you delete a row, you delete the entire row from left to right. Inserting a column or row inserts a completely new column or row. �

Excel Functions � Functions are predefined formulas available in Excel � Quickly and easily make many useful calculations, such as finding an average, the highest number, the lowest number, and a count of the number of items in a list.

Using Reference Operators Reference operators refer to a cell or a group of cells. There are two types of reference operators: range and union. � A range reference refers to all the cells between and including the reference. A range reference consists of two cell addresses separated by a colon. The reference A 1: A 3 includes cells A 1, A 2, and A 3. The reference A 1: C 3 includes cells A 1, A 2, A 3, B 1, B 2, B 3, C 1, C 2, and C 3. � A union reference includes two or more references. A union reference consists of two or more numbers, range references, or cell addresses separated by a comma. The reference A 7, B 8: B 10, C 9, 10 refers to cells A 7, B 8 to B 10, C 9 and the number 10. �

Excel Functions � Functions are prewritten formulas. Functions differ from regular formulas in that you supply the value but not the operators, such as +, -, *, or /. For example, you can use the SUM function to add. When using a function, remember the following: › Use an equal sign to begin a formula. › Specify the function name. › Enclose arguments within parentheses. Arguments are values on which you want to perform the calculation. For example, arguments specify the numbers or cells you want to add. › Use a comma to separate arguments.

Example of a Function =SUM(2, 13, A 1, B 2: C 7) � In this function: › › › The equal sign begins the function. SUM is the name of the function. 2, 13, A 1, and B 2: C 7 are the arguments. Parentheses enclose the arguments. Commas separate the arguments. After you type the first letter of a function name, the Auto. Complete list appears.

Enter a Function with the Ribbon • • Click Sum in the Select A Function box. Click OK. The Function Arguments dialog box appears.

Function Arguments Dialog Box Type C 1: C 3 in the Number 1 field, if it does not automatically appear. Click OK. The sum of cells C 1 to C 3, which is 300, appears.

Create Headers and Footers � You can use the Header & Footer button on the Insert tab to create headers and footers.

Header & Footer Elements Button Purpose Page Number Inserts the page number. Number of Pages Inserts the number of pages in the document. Current Time Inserts the current time. File Path Inserts the path to the document. File Name Inserts the file name. Sheet Name Inserts the name of the worksheet. Picture Enables you to insert a picture.

Creating Charts in Excel You can choose from a variety of chart types: column, line, pie, bar, area, and scatter. � As you change your data, your chart will automatically update. �

To Create a Chart � To create a chart, start by creating a worksheet � After you have created the worksheet, you are ready to create your chart.

Create Chart from Data Select all the cells containing the data you want in your chart. Also include data labels. � Choose the Insert tab. � Click the type of chart you want to insert. � The Chart Tools context tabs appear. �

Apply a Chart Layout � The Chart Tools tabs become available when you create a new chart or when you click on a chart: Design, Layout, and Format. � Use these tabs to customize your chart.

Chart Layout � You can determine what your chart displays by choosing a layout.

Microsoft Excel 2010 Further information can be found by selecting help from http: //office. microsoft. com/en-us/excel

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