- Slides: 19
Microscopic anatomy • Fine anatomy • Study of structures that can only be seen with magnification like a microscope • Examples: • Cytology (study of cells) • Histology (study of tissues)
Macroscopic anatomy • Gross anatomy • Study of structures visible to the naked eye • Example: bones • Viewing an xray is considered an examination of gross anatomy
Etiology • The cause of the disease or illness
pathology • The study of diseases • Pathologist-is a physician who examines tissues, checks the accuracy of lab tests and interprets the results in order to facilitate the patient's diagnosis and treatment.
idiopathic • If the cause of a disease cannot be determined
nosocomial • Infectious disease contracted while in a medical facility
epidemiology • Study of the transmission, frequency of occurrence, distribution, and control of a disease • Epidemiologist- are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans. They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research, community education, and health policy.
Prognosis • Prediction of the outcome of a disease
Syndrome • Specific grouping of signs and symptoms related to a specific disease • Signs- objective, measureable indicators of an illness • fever • Symptoms • headache
Metabolism • Refers to all the chemical operations going on within our bodies
Chronic • Long duration or frequent occurrence
Acute • Rapid onset or short course
8/22 • Antebrachial- forearm • Antecubital- depressed area in front of the elbow • Axillary- armpit • Brachial- upper arm • Buccal- cheek • Carpal- wrist • Cervical- neck • Digital- fingers • Femoral- upper inner thigh • Gluteal- buttocks • Lumbar- lower back • Nasal- nose • Oral- mouth • Orbital- eye area • Patellar- knee • Pedal- foot • Plantar- sole of the foot • Pubic- genital region • Sternal- breastbone area • Thoracic- chest
09/11/18 Terminology Tuesday! • Abrasion- scraping away of the skin surface by friction • Cicatrix- a scar • Comedo- collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle (a blackhead) • Contusion- injury caused by a blow to the body; a bruise • Cyanosis- bluish tint caused by lack of oxygen • Dermatology- branch of medicine involving integumentary system • Diaphoresis- profuse sweating • Ecchymosis- skin discolorations caused by blood collecting under the skin; a bruise • Erythema- redness or flushing of the skin • Keloid- formation of a raised and thickened scar • Lesion- a general term for wound, injury, or abnormality • Pallor- abnormal paleness of the skin • Petechiae- pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin • Photosensitivity- condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light • Urticaria- a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with itching; hives • Verruca- benign growth caused by a virus; commonly called warts
09/18/18 Terminology Tuesday Cyst- fluid filled sac under the skin Fissure- crack like lesion or groove Laceration- torn or jagged wound Macule- flat, discolored area flush with skin surface; example freckle or birthmark Nodule- firm, solid mass of cells in the skin larger than ½ cm in diameter Papule- small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin less than ½ cm in diameter Pustule- raised spot on the skin containing pus Ulcer- open sore or lesion in the skin or mucous membrane Vesicle- a blister Wheal- small, round, swollen area on the skin; typically seen in an allergic reaction Abscess- a collection of pus in the skin Cellulitis- a diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin Gangrene- tissue necrosis usually from insufficient blood supply Impetigo- highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over • Psoriasis- chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules forming “silvery scale” patches with circular borders • • • •