Michele ErwinAll Wheels Up org www All Wheels

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Michele. Erwin@All. Wheels. Up. org www. All. Wheels. Up. org

Michele. [email protected] Wheels. Up. org www. All. Wheels. Up. org

WHO IS ALL WHEELS UP? AWU is a 501(c)(3) non-for-profit organization AWU is the

WHO IS ALL WHEELS UP? AWU is a 501(c)(3) non-for-profit organization AWU is the ONLY organization in the world crash testing wheelchair restraints for commercial flight @allwheelsup All Wheels Up www. allwheelsup. org Michele. [email protected] org

PROJECT TITLE Evaluation of Wheelchairs and Wheelchair Tiedown Occupant Restraint Systems and Occupant Protection

PROJECT TITLE Evaluation of Wheelchairs and Wheelchair Tiedown Occupant Restraint Systems and Occupant Protection While in a Wheelchair on Transport Planes PROJECT MISSION Crash test wheelchairs and wheelchair restraints to proved feasibility of using equipment during airline flight Michele. [email protected] org

“the most powerful man in the world being carried like a baby…” -Winston Churchill

“the most powerful man in the world being carried like a baby…” -Winston Churchill AIR FORCE ONE, 1943 The very first wheelchair accessible plane 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt flew in the first ever modified wheelchair accessible plane. The plane was outfitted with an elevator and an aisle and cabin space wide enough for FDR to use his

ANIMATION OF PROPOSED SOLUTION Find this video and share: www. allwheelsup. org

ANIMATION OF PROPOSED SOLUTION Find this video and share: www. allwheelsup. org

CRASH TESTING WTORS FOR FLIGHT According to the AC 25. 562 -1 B “a

CRASH TESTING WTORS FOR FLIGHT According to the AC 25. 562 -1 B “a single 16 G longitudinal or 14 G vertical test is sufficient to substantiate the attachment between structural members with a different design philosophy or variations within the same design philosophy, provided it can be determined which test conditions is critical for the attachment” (Bahrami, 2006). In 2011 Wheelchair Tiedown Occupant Restraint Systems pass a 20 G sled crash test, surpassing the 14 G & 16 G sled crash test of airplane seats that the FAA has stipulated as the industry standard (Q’straint, 2011). Michele. [email protected] org

TIEDOWN RESTRAINTS COMMON 4 POINT AWU Crash test has TIEDOWN RESTRAINT already tested wheelchair

TIEDOWN RESTRAINTS COMMON 4 POINT AWU Crash test has TIEDOWN RESTRAINT already tested wheelchair SYSTEM tie down and occupant restraint system (WTORS) – QRT-360 A Surrogate wheelchair was used (the same surrogate wheelchair used in automobile crash tests) Airplane floors have the same or similar “L” track as Michele. [email protected] org the accessible vans and

PLAN OF ACTION Projects Status Research, Organizing and Sharing of Data Complete Initial Blue

PLAN OF ACTION Projects Status Research, Organizing and Sharing of Data Complete Initial Blue Print for first study Complete Fabrication of sled Complete Actual Crash Test at an FAA approved facility Complete Data Analysis (post-test observations, measurements and calculations, raw data, photos and video) Pending Creation of a Standards Committee for crash Testing Wheelchairs for commercial/private flight, just as there automobiles, trains and buses Pending Michele. [email protected] org

TESTING PLAN Testing will follow the FAA crash standards of 14 CFR 25. 561

TESTING PLAN Testing will follow the FAA crash standards of 14 CFR 25. 561 and 562 10 degree yaw 60 degree pitch Deliverables: � Raw Data � Photos � Videos Michele. [email protected] org

TESTING AT CALSPAN Michele. Erwin@allwheelsup. org

TESTING AT CALSPAN Michele. [email protected] org

OTHER RESTRAINTS FOR TESTING QLK – 150 with DOR Q-UBE – Q’STRAINT QUANTUM Michele.

OTHER RESTRAINTS FOR TESTING QLK – 150 with DOR Q-UBE – Q’STRAINT QUANTUM Michele. [email protected] org

QLK – 150 and D O R Michele. Erwin@allwheelsup. org

QLK – 150 and D O R Michele. [email protected] org

Q-UBE Michele. Erwin@allwheelsup. org

Q-UBE Michele. [email protected] org

Q’STRAINT - QUANTUM Michele. Erwin@allwheelsup. org

Q’STRAINT - QUANTUM Michele. [email protected] org

What are the implications for the disability technology community? New restraints? New wheelchair designs?

What are the implications for the disability technology community? New restraints? New wheelchair designs? New wheelchair regulations? New tie down points? New areas of study? � New Universities added to the PEGASAS Project � Airplane universal designs (Airplane manufacturers working with universities on universal design) New standards committees? Michele. [email protected] org

ADDITIONAL TESTING BEFORE ACCESSIBLE FLIGHT IS POSSIBLE, MORE TESTING IS NECESSARY ALL MANUAL AND

ADDITIONAL TESTING BEFORE ACCESSIBLE FLIGHT IS POSSIBLE, MORE TESTING IS NECESSARY ALL MANUAL AND POWER WHEELCHAIR MODELS HEAD RESTS SEAT BELTS & RESTRAINTS (NOT LAP BELTS) BATTERIES (BATTERIES HAVE BEEN TESTED FOR TRANSIT FLIGHT) STRUCTURE OF THE AIRPLANE Michele. [email protected] org

NEXT STEPS PARTNERSHIPS � RESNA, ISO, Research Universities, wheelchair manufacturers need incentive to participate

NEXT STEPS PARTNERSHIPS � RESNA, ISO, Research Universities, wheelchair manufacturers need incentive to participate FUNDING � GOVERNMENT FUNDING � OUTSIDE FUNDING (FOUNDATION, INDIVIDUAL) ADDITIONAL TESTING � Continued Michele. [email protected] org Pulse testing, Turbulence Testing,

PROPOSED COALITION All Wheels Up ANSI (American National Standard Institute) CMA (Civil Aviation Medical

PROPOSED COALITION All Wheels Up ANSI (American National Standard Institute) CMA (Civil Aviation Medical Institute) Disability Access Board DOT FAA ISO (International Standards Organization) Universities: University of Michigan (UMITRI), University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Buffalo (school of Architecture and Planning Center of Inclusive Design and Environment Access) RESNA (Rehabilitating Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America) Q’Straint - Leading Manufacturer of wheelchair restraint systems Michele. [email protected] org

CONCLUSION BOTH the FAA and the CAA, Civil Aviation Authority (UK’s equivalent to the

CONCLUSION BOTH the FAA and the CAA, Civil Aviation Authority (UK’s equivalent to the FAA) have said accessible flight is possible. Think through the process Know the benefits and limitations Prove the concept We have proved it is possible, now we need to make it undeniably Michele. [email protected] org

SPECIAL THANKS TO: Q’STRAINT – DONATION OF RESTRAINTS AND SURROGATE WHEELCHAIR CALSPAN FAA ISTAT

SPECIAL THANKS TO: Q’STRAINT – DONATION OF RESTRAINTS AND SURROGATE WHEELCHAIR CALSPAN FAA ISTAT FOUNDATION – PROVIDED FUNDING LIGHT THE WORLD (HOLLAND)- PROVIDED FUNDING UNICO – PROVIDED FUNDING Michele. [email protected] org

Questions? Michele. Erwin@All. Wheels. Up. org www. All. Wheels. Up. org

Questions? Michele. [email protected] Wheels. Up. org www. All. Wheels. Up. org

References Bahrami, A. (2006). Dynamic Evaluations of Seat Restraint Systems and Occupant Protection on

References Bahrami, A. (2006). Dynamic Evaluations of Seat Restraint Systems and Occupant Protection on Transport Airplanes. Federal Aviation Administration. Advisory Circular (AC 25. 562 -1 B). Q'Straint. (n. d. ). Retrieved June 2011, from www. qstraint. com. Q'Straint. (2011). Retrieved June 2011, from www. qstraint. com. Michele. [email protected] org