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WHAT IS MENTAL ILLNESS? • A health condition that changes a person’s thinking, feelings, behavior, or all three and that causes the person distress and difficulty in functioning.
WHAT CAUSES MENTAL ILLNESS? • • • Biological or genetic irregularities Psychological scars/emotional trauma Poor coping skills to traumatic or stress inducing events Developmental irregularities Or…
WHAT (CAN ) CAUSE MENTAL ILLNESS? • Drug and Alcohol Abuse • A study done by the CDC in 2010 showed that particular drug use at an early age can as much as triple the risk of developing particular types of mental illness such as depression and schizophrenia, due to chemical changes/reactions in the brain.
TEENS & MENTAL ILLNESS • More than half of all chronic mental illnesses start by age 14. • Three quarters of all chronic mental illness start by age 24.
WHO CAN DEVELOP MENTAL ILLNESS? • Anyone. • Mental illnesses occur in all ages, races, ethnicities, and religions. • Virtually equal in males and females. • Continues research is underway to learn more about the reasons people develop mental illnesses
FACTS ABOUT MENTAL ILLNESS • Many cases of mental illness start with easy to miss symptoms, such as mild anxiety or shyness, and can progress into severe depression, phobias, and clinical anxiety. • It is estimated that as many as half of all mental illnesses do not receive the proper diagnosis and treatment.
Early intervention leads to a higher chance of recovery, but stigma delays treatment.
MENTAL ILLNESS IS TREATABLE Success Rates: • Depression: 65 -70% • Schizophrenia (first episode): 60% • Bipolar Disorder: 80%
CATEGORIES • Organic Disorders • Caused by physical damage or impairment to the brain and normal functioning • I. e. stroke, brain tumor, severe head trauma, dementia • Functional Disorders • Result of psychological irregularities in which no actual brain damage occurs
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER • Uncontrollable worrying about everyday things. • Anticipating disaster or feeling of persistent problems or pressures.
OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD) Recurring thoughts that reflect exaggerated worry or fears. Repetitive Thought + Action = OCD https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Rn 1 OYl. Yzgm 8
POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) • A psychological condition that occurs after experiencing highly stressful or terrifying events • Physical Violence • Wartime combat • Natural disaster • People with PTSD have persistent thoughts and memories of this event(s)
PHOBIAS • Intense, sometimes disabling fear • Cause of fear poses little to no actual danger • Person usually recognizes the fear is irrational • i. e. arachnophobia, social phobia
IMPULSE DISORDERS • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) • A persistent pattern of inattention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity -impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals ay a comparable level of development.
BIPOLAR DISORDER • An illness that causes a person’s mood to swing from extreme high and/or irritable(manic) to sad and hopeless (depressive), sometimes with periods of normalcy in between.
ANOREXIA NERVOSA • Self-starvation • People with anorexia may feel there is a serious disturbance in the way they feel about food, weight, and body image.
BULIMIA NERVOSA • Binge eating followed by forced vomiting • People with bulimia may also feel there is a serious disturbance in the way they feel about food, weight, and body image.
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER • Previously Multiple Personality Disorder • The presence of two or more distinct or split identities or personality states that continually have power over the person’s behavior
SCHIZOPHRENIA • A serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, distinguish reality from fantasy, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate to others.
FIND SUPPORT • If you or someone you know is struggling, you are not alone. There are many supports, services, and treatment options that may help. A change in behavior or mood may be the early warning signs of a mental health condition and should never be ignored. There are many different types of mental illness, and it isn’t easy to simplify the range of challenges people face.
WHERE TO FIND SUPPORT • If it’s an emergency in which you or someone you know is suicidal: 1 -800 -273 -8255 (the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline) or 911. • If you can wait a few days, make an appointment with your primary care physician, pediatrician, or doctor. They can refer you to a specialized doctor, such as a psychiatrist. • Those associated with a college can contact the school to ask about their support services. • Seek out support groups in your community.