- Slides: 10
Memory: sensory memory vs. short-term memory vs. long-term memory substantive memory vs. verbatim memory
Tips for memory training Organization Mental repetition Visualization Chunking Association
Organization（信息组织） Sequential: chronological, cause/effect, building to climax… Directional: north/south & east/west, front/back, left/right, bottom/up, top/down… Transitional (Connective): relational words or phrases, e. g. on the other hand, however, also, conversely… Component (part/whole): classification by category or concept Relevance: central unifying idea or principle
Mental repetition（大脑重复） Mentally repeat what the speaker has said previously while still listening to the on-going speech or interpreting consecutively into the TL.
Visualization（信息视觉化） Try to create a mental picture or to visualize what is heard whenever possible. This technique works well with narrative or descriptive speeches.
Chunking（信息组块化） Chunking means to group pieces of information into units. It’s a major technique for keeping information in short-term memory.
Association（信息联想） Association in interpreting refers to interpreters’ deliberate mental connection of what they hear as new information to something they already know or are familiar with.
Specific training steps Listen to a text; Retell the main idea in the SL form; Retell the whole thing in the SL form; Analyze the nature and reasons for information loss; Keep trying and be time-conscious; Listen to a text and do the retelling in the TL form; ……