MEMORY Chapter Review Process by which we retain

  • Slides: 59
Download presentation
MEMORY Chapter Review

MEMORY Chapter Review

Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.

Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.

 What is memory?

What is memory?

Identify four parts of the brain were memory is stored. (lecture)

Identify four parts of the brain were memory is stored. (lecture)

Hippocampus Amygdala Frontal Lobes/Cortex Cerebellum

Hippocampus Amygdala Frontal Lobes/Cortex Cerebellum

Photographic memory is also called a. Eidetic memory b. Confabulation c. Mnemonic memory d.

Photographic memory is also called a. Eidetic memory b. Confabulation c. Mnemonic memory d. Recall

A. Eidetic memory

A. Eidetic memory

The three memory process are …

The three memory process are …

Encoding, storage, and retrieval

Encoding, storage, and retrieval

Items in your mind at any given moment are in ___memory.

Items in your mind at any given moment are in ___memory.

Short term

Short term

Skills make use of ____memory.

Skills make use of ____memory.

Procedural

Procedural

Psychologists refer to auditory sensory memory as ___

Psychologists refer to auditory sensory memory as ___

Echoic memory

Echoic memory

Psychologists refer to visual sensory memory as______

Psychologists refer to visual sensory memory as______

Iconic memory

Iconic memory

Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first

Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first grade teacher in a newspaper article? a. Confabulation b. Selective attention c. Recognition d. recall

C; Recognition

C; Recognition

Psychologist George Miller discovered that short-term memory is limited to about ___ a. Seven

Psychologist George Miller discovered that short-term memory is limited to about ___ a. Seven items b. 10 words c. One hour d. 14 numbers

A; seven items

A; seven items

Short term memory a. Lasts without rehearsal b. Lasts about one minute c. Lasts

Short term memory a. Lasts without rehearsal b. Lasts about one minute c. Lasts about one-half second d. Has a limited capacity.

D; has a limited capacity

D; has a limited capacity

Repeating information to yourself to keep information in short term memory for more than

Repeating information to yourself to keep information in short term memory for more than a few seconds is called _____.

Maintenance rehearsal

Maintenance rehearsal

Which of the following does NOT result in forgetting? a. Decay b. Repression c.

Which of the following does NOT result in forgetting? a. Decay b. Repression c. Interference d. confabulation

D; Confabulation

D; Confabulation

When old memories are blocked by new material, a person is experience _______.

When old memories are blocked by new material, a person is experience _______.

proactive interference

proactive interference

When you ____information, you transform it so the nervous system can process it.

When you ____information, you transform it so the nervous system can process it.

encode

encode

Short term memory capacity is increased when we break the info down into parts.

Short term memory capacity is increased when we break the info down into parts. This is called _______.

Chunking

Chunking

Subconsciously blocking memories of an embarrassing or frightening experience is called______.

Subconsciously blocking memories of an embarrassing or frightening experience is called______.

 Repression

Repression

 HOMES (an acronym for the five Great Lakes) is an example of this.

HOMES (an acronym for the five Great Lakes) is an example of this.

Mnemonic device

Mnemonic device

Two types of Long Term Memory are…

Two types of Long Term Memory are…

 Implicit vs. Explicit Memory And Procedural vs. Declarative

Implicit vs. Explicit Memory And Procedural vs. Declarative

 _____memory is our memory of our own life, such as when you woke

_____memory is our memory of our own life, such as when you woke up this morning. Stored here are personal things where time of occurrence is important.

Episodic

Episodic

______consists of permanent storage of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.

______consists of permanent storage of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.

Procedural

Procedural

 Our knowledge of language, including its rules, words, and meanings is stored in

Our knowledge of language, including its rules, words, and meanings is stored in _____.

 Semantic memory

Semantic memory

When we need to retrieve information we learned a long time ago and haven’t

When we need to retrieve information we learned a long time ago and haven’t rehearsed lately, we can relearn the information more quickly. This is called _______.

Relearning.

Relearning.

 When a person remembers information that was never stored in memory.

When a person remembers information that was never stored in memory.

 confabulation

confabulation

 When you remember items at the beginning and end of a list or

When you remember items at the beginning and end of a list or story, it is called _____effect.

 Serial position

Serial position

When you tend to remember the first items in a list or story it

When you tend to remember the first items in a list or story it is called ____effect.

 Primacy

Primacy

 “Seen Before” ; current event provokes similar retrieval cues, but you haven’t done

“Seen Before” ; current event provokes similar retrieval cues, but you haven’t done it.

 Déjà vu

Déjà vu

 Try to retrieve familiar piece of info but can’t quite do it.

Try to retrieve familiar piece of info but can’t quite do it.

 Tip of the Tongue Phenomena

Tip of the Tongue Phenomena

Who conducted studies of forgetting grouping nonsense syllables together?

Who conducted studies of forgetting grouping nonsense syllables together?

Hermann Ebbinghaus

Hermann Ebbinghaus