MEMORY Chapter Review
Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.
What is memory?
Identify four parts of the brain were memory is stored. (lecture)
Hippocampus Amygdala Frontal Lobes/Cortex Cerebellum
Photographic memory is also called a. Eidetic memory b. Confabulation c. Mnemonic memory d. Recall
A. Eidetic memory
The three memory process are …
Encoding, storage, and retrieval
Items in your mind at any given moment are in ___memory.
Skills make use of ____memory.
Psychologists refer to auditory sensory memory as ___
Psychologists refer to visual sensory memory as______
Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first grade teacher in a newspaper article? a. Confabulation b. Selective attention c. Recognition d. recall
Psychologist George Miller discovered that short-term memory is limited to about ___ a. Seven items b. 10 words c. One hour d. 14 numbers
A; seven items
Short term memory a. Lasts without rehearsal b. Lasts about one minute c. Lasts about one-half second d. Has a limited capacity.
D; has a limited capacity
Repeating information to yourself to keep information in short term memory for more than a few seconds is called _____.
Which of the following does NOT result in forgetting? a. Decay b. Repression c. Interference d. confabulation
When old memories are blocked by new material, a person is experience _______.
When you ____information, you transform it so the nervous system can process it.
Short term memory capacity is increased when we break the info down into parts. This is called _______.
Subconsciously blocking memories of an embarrassing or frightening experience is called______.
HOMES (an acronym for the five Great Lakes) is an example of this.
Two types of Long Term Memory are…
Implicit vs. Explicit Memory And Procedural vs. Declarative
_____memory is our memory of our own life, such as when you woke up this morning. Stored here are personal things where time of occurrence is important.
______consists of permanent storage of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.
Our knowledge of language, including its rules, words, and meanings is stored in _____.
When we need to retrieve information we learned a long time ago and haven’t rehearsed lately, we can relearn the information more quickly. This is called _______.
When a person remembers information that was never stored in memory.
When you remember items at the beginning and end of a list or story, it is called _____effect.
When you tend to remember the first items in a list or story it is called ____effect.
“Seen Before” ; current event provokes similar retrieval cues, but you haven’t done it.
Try to retrieve familiar piece of info but can’t quite do it.
Tip of the Tongue Phenomena
Who conducted studies of forgetting grouping nonsense syllables together?