- Slides: 13
Meiosis and Fertilization my-OH-sis
What is Meiosis? Meiosis is cell division used for: • Producing gametes (sex cells) ***Makes 4 different cells!***
Meiosis • Part of it looks like mitosis!
Meiosis • DNA replicates once, cell divides twice • Creates haploid (n) sex cells • In humans, takes place in ovaries and testes
Prophase 1 • Chromosomes become visible and the nuclear membrane breaks apart • Crossing over occurs! • Creates new gene combinations!
Metaphase 1 vs. 2 • Metaphase 1 homologous chromosomes pair up in the middle • Metaphase 2 - single chromosomes line up in the middle
Anaphase 1 vs. 2 • Anaphase 1 homologous chromosomes separate and move apart • Anaphase 2 - Chromatids separate and move apart
Telophase 1 vs. 2 • Telophase 1 - Single cell splits into 2 cells, goes right into Prophase 2 • Telophase 2 - Two cells each split, creating 4 haploid cells
Meiosis: A Second Look
One major point! • Meiosis results in 4 genetically different haploid daughter cells *These cells are sperm and eggs!
Fertilization n + n = 2 n Haploid Egg cell Haploid Sperm cell Diploid Zygote 23 chromosomes 46 chromosomes
Homework Review 1. Describe the main results of meiosis. 2. What are the principal differences between mitosis and meiosis? 3. What do the terms diploid and haploid mean? 4. What is crossing-over? 5. In human cells, 2 N=46. How many chromosomes would you expect to find in a sperm cell? In an egg cell? In a white blood cell? Explain.