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Medical Terminology Is Fun! Medical Terminology Colors and Anatomical Positions This program is funded in part/in whole by a U. S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration grant. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. 0 Unported License.
Intro to colors • There a number of medical terminology prefixes which indicate, “colors”. • When the, “color prefixes” are combined with root words, specific medical terms are identified.
Red & Yellow Prefixes • Prefixes which mean, “RED”: Erythr(o) , Rube(o) ⁻ Erythro(red)/ cyte(cell) = Erythrocyte (Red Blood Cell) ⁻ Rube(red)/osis(condition of) = Rubeosis (condition of appearing reddened) • Prefixes which mean, “Yellow”: Xanath(o), Cirro ⁻ Xanath(o) (yellow)/dermis (skin)= Xanthodermis(Yellow Skin) ⁻ Cirro (yellow)/osis(condition of)= Cirrosis(Condition of yellow coloration)
White & Black Prefixes • Prefixes which mean, “White”: Leuko White ⁻ Leuko(white)/cyte(cell) = Leukocyte (white blood cell) Leuko ⁻ Leuko(white)/penia(reduced amount) =Leukopenia (reduced Leuko amount of white blood cells) • Prefixes which mean, “Black”: Melan(o) ⁻ Melan(o) (black)/oma(tumor) = Melanoma (black tumor) ⁻ Melan(o) (black)/uria (urine)= Melanuria (black colored urine)
Blue Prefixes • Prefixes which mean, “Blue”: Cyano ⁻ Cyano(blue)/osis = Cyanosis(condition of blue coloration) ⁻ Cyano(blue)/emia(blood)= Cyanemia(blood which appears blue)
Anatomical Positions • Anterior = Front View • Posterior = Back View • Lateral = Side View
More Positions • Supine (dorsal recumbent) Position • Fowler’s Position • Lateral Position • Prone Position • Sims’ Position • Sitting Position
Summary • It is essential for the healthcare professional to identify prefixes which mean colors in order to understand the true meaning of many medical terms. • In addition, it is essential for healthcare professionals to learn correct anatomical positions in order to assist other healthcare professionals such as physicians, nurses and radiologists for tests and procedures.