Md. Hossain Akanda English Teacher Jobayda High School, Tangail CLASS: SEVEN SUBJECT: ENGLISH SECOND PAPER TOPIC: TRANSFORMATION
He is a good teacher. He is not a bad teacher.
It is not a tall a short tree.
Lesson declaration. What is our today’s topic? Transformation of sentence. Part-1(Affirmative to negative)
Learning outcomes After completing this lesson, we will be able to--Ø differ conversion and transformation Ø tell the definition of transformation Ø transform sentences from affirmative to negative
Follow He is a clever boy. (Make it negative) He is not a clever boy. He is a clever boy. (Make it negative) He is not a fool boy. Both the meaning and formation is changed here. So it is conversion of sentence. Only formation is changed. Meaning is not changed. So it is transformation of sentence. What is the difference between conversion and transformation?
Man is mortal. We must die. He is a dishonest man. I like my mother very much. He is really a very poor man. Let us try to solve some problems He is an active man. He is my friend. Abraham Lincoln was a wise man.
Affirmative to negative transformation is focused here • Only an industries man can gain success in life. (Negative) • None but an industries man can gain success in life. • You must follow the way of truth. (Negative) • You cannot but follow the way of truth. • Everyone respects a man of character. (Negative) • There is no one but respects a man of character.
Some rules of changing from affirmative into negative Affirmative only must both---and ---every as soon as Negative none but nothing but not more/not less than cannot but not only---but also--there is no one but no sooner had+v 3 ---than To mean god/human objects (without personal pronoun) age human
Some more rules of changing from affirmative into negative Affirmative sometimes always too---to many Negative ---- not/not always never + antonym of head word so+ adj + that + sub + can/could not +verb not a few a little much not many not much not a little
The earth is round. Health is wealth. Honesty is the best policy. Universal truth In case of universal truth, the sentence is changed into negative + interrogative. (don’t/doesn’t/ isn’t/aren’t/wasn’t + subject +…. +?
Evaluation. Change the sentences into negative. 1. Truth is beauty. 2. Love is divine. 3. Kindness is a noble virtue. 4. The sun rises in the east. 5. The moon shines at night. 6. Prevention is better than cure. 7. Addiction to drinking is dangerous. 8. Education is the backbone of a nation. 9. Man is the servant of habit. 10. Practice makes a man perfect.
Examples of some opposite/antonymous words. Word good friend moral mortal regular active wise pleasant honesty Antonym bad foe immoral immortal irregular inactive unwise unpleasant dishonesty Word doubtful pleased happy possible literate responsible hard absent real always Antonym undoubtful / sure displeased unhappy impossible illiterate irresponsible easy/soft present unreal never
Examples of some more opposite/antonymous words. Word honour present healthy rich love remember grateful agreed punctual Antonym dishonour absent unhealthy poor hate forget ungrateful disagreed late Word ordinary willing obey obedient solvent right comfortable Sincere conscious Antonym extraordinary unwilling disobey disobedient insolvent wrong uncomfortable insincere unconscious