Matter Matter Anything that has mass and takes

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Matter • Matter- Anything that has mass and takes up space. – All matter

Matter • Matter- Anything that has mass and takes up space. – All matter is made up of tiny particles – Particles are in constant motion • States of Matter (Solid, Liquid, Gas and Plasma) – Plasma- found in stars, lightning, and neon lights • Common in universe, but not as common on earth

Physical Properties • Physical Property- Any characteristic of matter that can be observed without

Physical Properties • Physical Property- Any characteristic of matter that can be observed without changing the identity of the material. • Physical Properties – – – – Color Shape Smell Taste Mass. Volume. Density-

Physical Properties • Some things can have same volume but different densities. – Ex:

Physical Properties • Some things can have same volume but different densities. – Ex: Golf Ball and Table Tennis • Density can help find identity of some materials. – Ex: Silver (Density of 10. 5 g/cm³@20°C)

Physical Properties • State of Matter- Physical Property which tells you whether a sample

Physical Properties • State of Matter- Physical Property which tells you whether a sample of matter is a solid, liquid, gas or plasma. – Depends on temperature and pressure of matter

Chemical Properties

Chemical Properties

Common Chemical Properties • Chemical Properties- A characteristic of matter that allows it to

Common Chemical Properties • Chemical Properties- A characteristic of matter that allows it to change to a different type of matter (changes to a different substance). – Ex: Ability to Burn, oxidation (rusting), tarnishing

Reactivity • Reactivity- How easily one thing reacts with something else. – Ex: Gold

Reactivity • Reactivity- How easily one thing reacts with something else. – Ex: Gold and Silver (low reactivity)—good for jewelry – Ex: Iron (high reactivity) reacts to oxygen and moisture to form rust