- Slides: 11
Mastery project Koby Pederson AP Goverment
LO 1. A. 1: Compare how various models of representative democracy are reflected through major institutions, policies, events, or debates in the U. S. ▪ A representative democracy is a system of government in which all eligible citizens vote on representatives to pass laws for them. ▪ Example: The U. S. we elect representatives in the house of representatives to make decisions based on the peoples’ wants.
LO 1. B. 1: Analyze and compare democratic ideals reflected in U. S. foundational documents. ▪ Declaration of Independence – influenced by John Locke’s ideas of natural rights, T. J. wrote the Declaration of Independence to be recognized as a separate nation to Great Britain as they weren’t given their natural rights. ▪ Bill of rights – Made to protect U. S. citizens’ natural rights from the tyranny of government.
LO 1. B. 2: Compare and interpret Federalist and Anti-Federalist views on central government and democracy Federalist Anti-federalist - Supported US constitution as it was - Strong central government - Favored dividing powers among the different branches of government - Didn’t want a strong central government - Wanted legislative branch to hold more power than executive branch - Wanted political powers to remain with the states
LO 1. C. 1: Explain the relationship between key provisions of the Articles of Confederation and the debate over granting greater power to the federal government formerly reserved to the states ▪ Why the articles of confederation failed – Lack of a strong national government – Economic disorganization – Legislative inefficiencies § Unable to tax, regulate trade, coin money, etc. the powers were given to the federal government to make sure currency was the same and foreign policies were the same
LO 1. C. 2: Analyze causes and effects of constitutional compromises in addressing political, economic, and regional divisions. ▪ Great Compromise – Gave equal representation to large and small states in the senate but gave representation in the house of representatives based off of population. – Settled dispute between the New Jersey plan and the Virginia plan
LO 1. C. 3: Explain how the issues raised in the ratification debate are reflected in ongoing philosophical disagreements about democracy and governmental power. ▪ It is extremely difficult to pass any amendment and that is done on purpose. You need approval from 2/3 of both houses of congress. Even if a majority of the people wanted to pass an amendment, there are many ways to ratify and usually nothing gets passed. – example: amendment for equal rights for men and women didn’t get passed
LO 1. D. 1: Evaluate the relationship between separation of powers and checks and balances. ▪ Separation of powers – Powers and responsibilities are divided among the three branches ▪ Checks and balances – Limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting each branch the right to amend or void these acts Made so not one branch has more power than the other
LO 1. E. 1: Assess how the distribution of powers among three federal branches affects policy making ▪ It affects policy making by making it a long and difficult process as each branch has to approve all policies before they can be made a law. ▪ Executive: enforce laws ▪ Legislative: makes laws ▪ Judicial: interprets laws
LO 1. F. 1: Explain how and why the appropriate balance of power between national and state governments has been interpreted differently over time. ▪ The amendment process is an example of why people think differently over national and state government. While some people believe a nation should consist of all the same laws there has been controversy with states having their own laws like legalization of marijuana and gay marriage.
LO 1. F. 2: Analyze questions over the allocation and scope of central power within a federal structure. ▪ The federal government basically has most of the power and can pass anything with approval of judicial review. The central government has the ability to declare war, coin money, establishing supreme court, necessary and proper laws, rules for immigration, rules for new states, and warfare.