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MARY MOTHER OF JESUS, MOTHER OF GOD Part Eight: VIIIc Indulgenced Prayers to Mary: Rosary, Litany, Novena “Pray unceasingly. ” 1 Thessalonians 5: 17
Indulgences NORMS FOR INDULGENCES An indulgence is the remission in the eyes of God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose culpable element has already been taken away. The Christian faithful who are rightly disposed and observe the definite, prescribed conditions gain this remission through the effective assistance of the Church, which, as the minister of redemption, authoritatively distributes and applies the treasury of the expiatory works of Christ and the saints.
Indulgences An indulgence is either plenary or partial, that is, it frees a person either from all or from some of the temporal punishment due to sins. No one gaining an indulgence may apply it to other living persons. Both partial and plenary indulgences can always be applied to the dead as suffrages.
Indulgences Any of the Christian faithful who, being at least inwardly contrite, perform a work carrying with it a partial indulgence, receive through the Church the remission of temporal punishment equivalent to what their own act already receives. To be capable of gaining indulgences a person must be baptized, not excommunicated, and in the state of grace at least at the time the prescribed works are completed.
Indulgences Actually to gain indulgences the person must have at least the general intention of doing so and must perform the acts enjoined at the time stipulated and in the manner required according to the tenor of the grant. A plenary indulgence may be gained only once on any day. A partial indulgence may be gained several times a day, unless something different is explicitly stated.
Indulgences Besides the exclusion of all attachment to sin, even venial sin, the requirements for gaining a plenary indulgence are the performance of the indulgenced work and fulfillment of three conditions: sacramental confession, Eucharistic communion, and prayer for the pope's intentions.
Rosary Indulgences Recitation of the Marian Rosary from the Handbook of Indulgences A plenary indulgence is granted when the Rosary is recited in a church or oratory or when it is recited in a family, a religious community, or a pious association. A partial indulgence is granted for its recitation in all other circumstances. (The Rosary is a prayer formula divided into fifteen decades of Hail Mary's with the Lord's Prayer separating each of these decades. During each of these decades we recall in devout meditation the mysteries of our redemption. ) It has become customary to call but five such decades the “Rosary“ also.
Rosary Indulgences Concerning this customary usage then, the following norms are given as regards a plenary indulgence. A partial indulgence is granted for its recitation in all other circumstances. 1. The recitation of a third of the Rosary is sufficient for obtaining the plenary indulgence, but these five decades must be recited without interruption. 2. Devout meditation on the mysteries is to be added to the vocal prayer. 3. In its public recitation the mysteries must be announced in accord with approved local custom, but in its private recitation it is sufficient for the Christian faithful simply to join meditation on the mysteries to the vocal prayer.
Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary A litany is a devotional prayer for two or more people gathered together. The principal phrase is said or chanted by one person, and the responses by the others in unison. This traditional Litany contains ancient titles of the Blessed Virgin, many of which have their origin in Scripture, and many of them have been used as names of parishes. (If you don't know the simple chant tones for the litany, you might ask a member of your parents or grandparents' generation. They would have learned these litany chants in school and at weekly parish devotions. ) Even very small children do like litanies, since the principal phrases are short and the responsorial phrases are easy to learn so they can participate fully in the family prayers. When the litany is prayed in families with children who are just learning to read and spell, it might be useful to explain the meaning of some of the unfamiliar words.
V. Lord, have mercy on us. R. Christ, have mercy on us. V. Lord, have mercy on us. Christ hear us. R. Christ, graciously hear us. God, the Father of Heaven: Have mercy on us. (repeat at end of each phrase. ) God, the Son, Redeemer of the world: God, the Holy Spirit, Holy Trinity, One God, Holy Mary, Pray for us. (repeat after each phrase. ) Holy Mother of God, Holy Virgin of virgins, Mother of Christ, Mother of divine grace, Mother most pure, Mother most chaste, Mother inviolate, Mother undefiled, Mother most amiable, Mother most admirable, Mother of good counsel, Mother of our Creator, Mother of our Savior, Virgin most prudent, Virgin most venerable, Virgin most renowned, Virgin most powerful, Virgin most merciful, Virgin most faithful, Mirror of justice, Seat of wisdom, Cause of our joy, Spiritual vessel, Vessel of honor, Singular vessel of devotion,
Mystical rose, Tower of David, Tower of ivory, House of gold, Ark of the covenant, Gate of Heaven, Morning star, Health of the sick, Refuge of sinners, Comforter of the afflicted, Help of Christians, Queen of Angels, Queen of Patriarchs, Queen of Prophets, Queen of Apostles, Queen of Martyrs, Queen of Confessors, Queen of Virgins, Queen of all Saints, Queen conceived without Original Sin, Queen assumed into Heaven, Queen of the most holy rosary, Queen of Peace.
Lamb of God, who take away the sins of the world, Spare us, O Lord. Lamb of God, who take away the sins of the world, Graciously hear us O Lord. Lamb of God, who take away the sins of the world, Have mercy on us. v. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God. r. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ. Let us pray: Grant, we beseech You, O Lord God, unto us Your servants, that we may rejoice in continual health of mind and body; and, by the glorious intercession of blessed Mary ever Virgin, may be delivered from present sadness, and enter into the joy of Your eternal gladness. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. What indulgences are annexed to the Litany of the Blessed Virgin? There are two, a partial and a plenary indulgence. Pius VII granted one partial every time it is said; and anyone who recites it every day may obtain a plenary indulgence, under the usual conditions, on the five principal feasts of the Blessed Virgin -- the Immaculate Conception, Nativity, Annunciation, Purification and Assumption.
Litanies of the Blessed Virgin Mary Litanies are to be found among the prayers to the Blessed Virgin recommended by the Magisterium. These consist in a long series of invocations of Our Lady, which follow in a uniform rhythm, thereby creating a stream of prayer characterized by insistent praise and supplication. The invocations, generally very short, have two parts: the first of praise (Virgin most clement), the other of supplication (Pray for us). The liturgical books contain two Marian litanies: The Litany of Loreto, repeatedly recommended by the Roman Pontiffs; and the Litany for the Coronation of Images of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which can be an appropriate substitute for the other litany on certain occasions. From a pastoral perspective, a proliferation of litanies would not seem desirable, just as an excessive restriction on them would not take sufficient account of the spiritual riches of some local churches and religious communities. Hence, the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments recommends “taking account of some older and newer formulas used in the local Churches or in religious communities which are notable for their structural rigor and the beauty of their invocations. ” Directory on Popular Piety and the Liturgy, Principles and Guidelines on the Vatican Website.
This exhortation, naturally, applies to the specific authorities in the local churches or religious communities. Following the prescription of Leo XIII that the recitation of the Rosary should be concluded by the Litany of Loreto during the month of October, the false impression has arisen among some of the faithful that the Litany is in some way an appendix to the Rosary. The Litanies are independent acts of worship. They are important acts of homage to the Blessed Virgin Mary, or as processional elements, or form part of a celebration of the Word of God or of other acts of worship.
Novenas to the Blessed Virgin Mary Its name deriving from the Latin word “novem, ” meaning “nine, ” a novena is nine days' private or public devotion in the Catholic Church to obtain special graces. Though they are not part of our liturgy and remain a “popular devotion” (a very few are prayed paraliturgically), they've been prayed since the very beginning of the Church -- and before its official beginning: Mary and the Apostles prayed from His Ascension to the Pentecost, a period of nine days (Acts 1). Also, a nine-day period of supplication was a pagan Roman and Eastern practice, so novenas were easily accepted by the earliest converts in these lands. The Christian and Jewish meaning of the number “ 9” entered into Christian thinking on the matter, as “ 9” was associated with suffering, grief, and imperfection, making it a fitting number for when "man's imperfection turned in prayer to God" (Catholic Encyclopedia). St. Jerome wrote that “the number nine in the Holy Bble is indicative of suffering and grief” (Ezechiel 3: 24).
Novena to the Immaculate Conception Say once a day for nine days, especially starting on November 29 and ending on December 7, the Vigil of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. Immaculate Virgin! Mary, conceived without sin! Remember, you were miraculously preserved from even the shadow of sin, because you were destined to become not only the Mother of God, but also the mother, the refuge, and the advocate of man; penetrated therefore, with the most lively confidence in your never-failing intercession, we most humbly implore you to look with favor upon the intentions of this novena, and to obtain for us the graces and the favors we request. You know, O Mary, how often our hearts are the sanctuaries of God, Who abhors iniquity. Obtain for us, then, that angelic purity which was your favorite virtue, that purity of heart which will attach us to God alone, and that purity of intention which will consecrate every thought, word, and action to His greater glory. Obtain also for us a constant spirit of prayer and self-denial, that we many recover by penance that innocence which we have lost by sin, and at length attain safely to that blessed abode of the saints, where nothing defiled can enter.
O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee. V. You are all fair, O Mary. R. You art all fair, O Mary. V. And the original stain is not in you. R. And the original stain is not in you. V. You art the glory of Jerusalem. R. You art the joy of Israel V. You art the honor of our people. R. You art the advocate of sinners. V. O Mary. R. O Mary. V. Virgin, most prudent. R. Mother, most tender. V. Pray for us. R. Intercede for us with Jesus our Lord. V. In your conception, Holy Virgin, you were immaculate. R. Pray for us to the Father Whose Son you did bring forth. V. O Lady! aid my prayer. R. And let my cry come unto you.
Let us pray; Holy Mary, Queen of Heaven, Mother of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and mistress of the world, who forsakes no one, and despises no one, look upon me, O Lady, with an eye of pity, and entreat for me of your beloved Son the forgiveness of all my sins; that, as I now celebrate, with devout affection, your holy and immaculate conception, so, hereafter I may receive the prize of eternal blessedness, by the grace of Him whom you, in virginity, did bring forth, Jesus Christ Our Lord: Who, with the Father and the Holy Spirit, lives and reigns, in perfect Trinity, God, world without end. Amen. A partial indulgence each day is granted to the faithful, who devoutly take part in the pious exercises of a public novena before the feast of Christmas or Pentecost or the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A plenary indulgence, once during the Novena or Octave. (Special conditions: Confession, Communion, prayer according to the Pope’s intentions. )
This part ends Mary the Series, Her Prayers, Part VIIIc You have finished the course! from Dr. Bob and crew