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MARY MOTHER OF JESUS, MOTHER OF GOD Part Eight: VIIIb Prayers of Mary: The Rosary “Pray unceasingly. ” 1 Thessalonians 5: 17
Above is the Rosary that Mary presented to St. Dominic in 1266. Note what is similar in each of these drawings of the Rosary. First, the Fatima Prayer is not a part of the Rosary. Second, the Rosary ended with the “Hail Holy Queen” prayer. This is the authentic Rosary of Mary.
Praying the Rosary The Content of an Authentic Rosary of Mary and John Paul II To Pray the Rosary: Recite the Apostles' Creed Recite the Our Father Recite the Hail Mary three times for the next three beads Recite the Our Father Recite the Hail Mary on ten beads, 5 times, contemplating one mystery for each set of 10. Finish each set with the Glory Be. Recite the Our Father in between each set. Conclude with the Hail Holy Queen
Praying the Rosary
Prayers of the Rosary The Apostles Creed c. 700 AD I believe in God the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and earth. And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell, and on the third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and life everlasting. Amen The Our Father Matthew 6: 9 -13 Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name, your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as in heaven. Give us today our daily bread; and forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors; and do not subject us to the final test, but deliver us from the evil one.
Christian doxology (cf. Rev 4: 8) Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
Some medieval theologians considered the 150 Psalms to be veiled mysteries about the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. They began to compose "Psalters of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ" - 150 praises in honor of Jesus. Soon psalters devoted to 150 praises of Mary were composed. When a psalter of 150 praises in Mary’s honor numbered 50 instead of 150, it was called a rosarium, or bouquet. The present devotion, differing from the medieval version, is composed almost entirely of direct quotations from the Bible. It is appropriately called "the Scriptural Rosary. " The thoughts or meditations on the 150 Hail Mary beads took the form of woodcuts (graphic pictures). This exhausted the practice easily because of the volume of pictures. Picture rosaries were shortened to one picture/thought for each Our Father as it is today. Historians trace the origin of the Rosary back to ninth century Ireland. Today, as then, the 150 Psalms of the Bible, The Book of Psalms of King David, were an important form of monastic prayer. Monks and clergy recited or chanted the Psalms as a major source of hourly worship. People living near the monasteries realized the beauty of this devotion. But unable to read or memorize the lengthy Psalms, the people were unable to adapt this form of prayer for their use. The salutations were grouped into decades and an Our Father was put before each decade. This combined the Our Father and the Angelic Salutation for the first time. 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 1072 An Irish monk suggested to the people around the monastery that they might pray a series of 150 Our Fathers in place of the 150 Psalms. At first, pebbles were carried in a pouch to count the 150 Our Fathers; later ropes with 150 or 50 (1/3 of 150) knots were used. Eventually string with 50 pieces of wood was used. Next the Angelic Salutation (Lk 1: 28) was added. St. Peter Damian (d. 1072) was the first to mention this form of prayer. Soon the Angelic Salutation replaced the 50 Our Fathers. 1208 1365 1409 1470 Special thoughts - meditations were attached for each Hail Mary bead. St. Louis de Montfort wrote the most common set of meditations for the rosary used today. The Dominican Order spread the form of the "new rosary" throughout Western Christendom. Blessed Virgin appeared to St. Dominic with rosary and scapular. THE TIMELINE OF THE ROSARY A movement was begun attempting to return to a form of the medieval rosary - one thought for each Hail Mary.
Luke 1: 28 Hail, favored one! The Lord is with you. Luke 1: 42 Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. Luke 1: 43; . . . the mother of my Lord. . . (Holy Mary, Mother of God. ) Prayer of petition; confession of sinfulness Pray for us sinners; Petitioning Mary dates to 3 rd century “now and at the hour of our death. Amen”
The sign of the cross; invoking the Holy Trinity In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. Murillo Virgin and Child with a Rosary 1650 -55
Hail, Holy Queen Prayer Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy! Our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus; O clement, O loving, O sweet virgin Mary. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
History of the Salve Regina (Hail Holy Queen) The origin of the prayer is disputed between Petrus of Monsoro (d. 1000), Bishop of Compostella, and Adhémar, Bishop of Podium (c. 1096), the first to answer the call to a Crusade. It was definitely popularized and set in its current form by St. Bernard of Clairvaux and the Abbey of Cluny in the 12 th century. From that time, it has enjoyed wide liturgical use from the Mass to the Divine Office. Since the time of St. Bernard (1090– 1153), the Salve Regina has been sung by religious in monasteries throughout the world in honor of the Blessed Mother. In 1221, very soon after the death of St. Dominic, Bl. Jordan of Saxony instituted a procession after Night Prayer, which was to accompany the singing of the Salve.
Praying the Rosary ENHANCING YOUR ROSARY TIME The great Carmelite saint, Térèse Martin of Lisieux (1873 -1897), better known as St. Térèse of the Child Jesus or “The Little Flower, ” once said she had trouble keeping her mind from wandering when praying the Rosary. Performing the Rosary devoutly takes only about 20 minutes. Try these methods to stay focused and enhance your prayer experience.
Praying the Rosary ENHANCING YOUR ROSARY TIME Holy Images For each Mystery, concentrate on a picture that illustrates that event in the lives of Jesus and Mary. Many organizations offer free, illustrated Rosary pamphlets. Use a holy image of each Mystery Use pictures of the mysteries as you pray the Rosary.
Praying the Rosary ENHANCING YOUR ROSARY TIME Mental Picture For each Mystery, imagine the scene, moment by moment. For example: for the First Joyful Mystery, the Annunciation: What was the Virgin Mary doing when the Archangel Gabriel arrived? What did the angel look like? How did Mary feel when she saw the angel appear? When she heard the angel speak?
Praying the Rosary ENHANCING YOUR ROSARY TIME Virtues Each Mystery represents a particular virtue. For example: for the First Joyful Mystery, the Annunciation, the virtue is humility. Concentrate on the virtue associated with the Mystery and ask God's grace to achieve it. The suggested virtues for each Mystery can be found at the Illustrated Mysteries menu on-line at ixeh. net/faith/Treasure/treasure. html.
Praying the Rosary ENHANCING YOUR ROSARY TIME Scripture Reading Before reciting a decade, read a passage in the Bible associated with that particular Mystery. Let the passage guide your meditation. Rosary pamphlets often include passages from the Bible.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF The Blessed Mary herself gave us the reasons as given to St. Dominic (1170 -1221) and Blessed Alan de la Roche (1428 -1475). Here are the fifteen promises of Mary to Christians who recite the Rosary. 1 Whoever shall faithfully serve me by the recitation of the Rosary, shall receive signal graces. Signal Graces are signs sent by God to help us make the right decisions in life. 2 I promise my special protection and the greatest graces to all those who shall recite the Rosary.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF 3 The Rosary shall be a powerful armor against hell, it will destroy vice, decrease sin, and defeat heresies. 4 It will cause virtue and good works to flourish; it will obtain for souls the abundant mercy of God; it will withdraw the heart of men from the love of the world and its vanities, and will lift them to the desire of eternal things. Oh, that souls would sanctify themselves by this means.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF 5 The soul which recommends itself to me by the recitation of the Rosary, shall not perish. 6 Whoever shall recite the Rosary devoutly, applying himself to the consideration of its sacred mysteries shall never be conquered by misfortune. God will not chastise him in His justice; he shall not perish by an unprovided death; if he be just he shall remain in the grace of God, and become worthy of eternal life.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF 7 Whoever shall have a true devotion for the Rosary shall not die without the sacraments of the Church. 8 Those who are faithful to recite the Rosary shall have during their life and at their death the light of God and the plenitude of His graces; at the moment of death they shall participate in the merits of the saints in paradise.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF 9 I shall deliver from purgatory those who have been devoted to the Rosary. 10 The faithful children of the Rosary shall merit a high degree of glory in heaven. 11 You shall obtain all you ask of me by the recitation of the Rosary. 12 All those who propagate the holy Rosary shall be aided by me in their necessities.
Why Pray the Rosary FROM MARY HERSELF 13 I have obtained from my Divine Son that all the advocates of the Rosary shall have for intercessors the entire celestial court during their life and at the hour of death. 14 All who recite the Rosary are my son, and brothers of my only son Jesus Christ. 15 Devotion of my Rosary is a great sign of predestination.
The Mysteries of the Rosary are designed to help focus our prayers on the life, ministry, and Passion of Our Lord. It is recommended that you meditate on the mysteries of the rosary based upon the days of the week. The Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary (Monday and Saturday) The Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary (Tuesday and Friday) The Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary (Wednesday and Sunday) The Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary (Thursday)
VATICAN CITY (16 October 2002) Pope John Paul II marked the 24 th anniversary of his papacy by introducing changes to the Rosary.
The Fatima Prayer The Decade Prayer for the rosary, commonly known as the Fatima Prayer, was revealed by Our Lady of Fatima on July 13, 1917. She asked the three shepherd children, Francisco, Jacinta, and Lucia, to recite it at the end of each decade of the rosary. It was approved for public use in 1930. The Fatima Prayer O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, and lead all souls to Heaven, especially those in most need of Thy mercy.
End of Mary the Series, Her Prayers, Part VIIIb Go to Mary the Series, Her Prayers, Part VIIIc