MARXISM BY NICOLS MARTNEZ AND IGNACIO MARTNEZ INDEX

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MARXISM BY NICOLÁS MARTÍNEZ AND IGNACIO MARTÍNEZ

MARXISM BY NICOLÁS MARTÍNEZ AND IGNACIO MARTÍNEZ

INDEX • • • BEGINNING OF MARXISM WHAT IS MARXISM? DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MARXISM AND

INDEX • • • BEGINNING OF MARXISM WHAT IS MARXISM? DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MARXISM AND COMUNISM RUSSIAN REVOLUTION/ SOVIET UNION MARXISM IN THE WORLD CONCLUSION

BEGINNING OF MARXISM ( social situation) In the 19 th century the industrial revolution

BEGINNING OF MARXISM ( social situation) In the 19 th century the industrial revolution had led to a change in society thanks to the rise of the capitalism and the explotation of the worker class, the burgueoisie were in power becoming richer and richer while the lower classes demanded a change and equal opportunities for everyone. This added to the revolutions that were ocurring all around europe led to the creation of new ideologies that defended the proletariat as the marxism

BEGINNING OF MARXISM (life of Marx) Karl marx (1818 Prussia/1883 London) was one of

BEGINNING OF MARXISM (life of Marx) Karl marx (1818 Prussia/1883 London) was one of the main philosophers that invented marxism. He came from a jew family from the middle class. During his life he studied in the universities of Bonn and Berlin were he learned about Hegelian philosophy. He critisized the economic system that only benefited the rich peope and with his ideas he invented the social movement called marxism with his comrade Friederich Engels. He declared being atheist and not belonging to any country. He wrote many books expressing his ideas but the most important one was “Das Kapital” wich was published in London in 1867 wich wast the first volumen of this “ bible of the working class” while the remaining volumes were written by his partner Engels after his death. Marx: “ The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains”

WHAT IS MARXISM? The marxism was a doctrine which had its bases in theories

WHAT IS MARXISM? The marxism was a doctrine which had its bases in theories of Karl Marx and Friederich Engels which critizised was a intepretation of the ideas of hegels and its main idea is the abolition of social clases. Its main concepts were: • A society where the power is given to the people and the means of production were for social goodness. • The commom interest of all the workers in the world were it doesn´t matter were they come from. Engels: “At the moment when I find Myself unable to fight, give me a right to die”

WHAT IS MARXISM? 2 • The fight of classes. Marx said that the social

WHAT IS MARXISM? 2 • The fight of classes. Marx said that the social classes has always been formed by the fight between each other creating the next generation, but the industrial revolution had differenciated this classes much more and now could be divided between bourgueoisie and the proletariat and that the only solution to this fight was the abolition of classes. • The rejection to every type of religión • Ideology. People are not conscious of the value of the products, they are dominated by the economical system instead of the political. The society moves by the own of production.

WHAT IS MARXISM? 3 Marxism declares that for equal rights a revolution is needed,

WHAT IS MARXISM? 3 Marxism declares that for equal rights a revolution is needed, first imposing a socialist society ( by the proletariat dictatorship) and finally would end in a comunism where the social classes would disappear

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MARXISM AND COMUNISM With Karl Marx dead two ideologies were born, socialdemocracy

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MARXISM AND COMUNISM With Karl Marx dead two ideologies were born, socialdemocracy that supported the idea of remaining in capitalism making the better the Works connditions an the other was communism. Comunism is a political movement that promoves society were there is not private property or social classes. Communism is only part of the marxist theory and it is a political system were marxism is only a doctrine wich has divided in more tan one ideology. In the comunism of russian rev. The leader thought that the workers could not carry the revolution by themselves

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION/SOVIET UNION The most known communist country wich never achieved Marxist ideas due

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION/SOVIET UNION The most known communist country wich never achieved Marxist ideas due that there was a proletariat dictatorship wich never social equality. It began in 1917 when they overthrew the zar Nicholas II and a socialist goverment was elected. The bolshevicks led by Lenin took by force and imposed the Soviet Union. Apart from the Lenin the other most famous leader was Stalin wich expanded the territories and is known for his cruelty. The USSR lasted till 1991. Lenin: “ Give me four years to teach the children and the seed I have sown will never be uprooted https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=TFS 316 Sz. GFQ

MARXISM IN THE WORLD After the russian revolution many countries revolt in favor of

MARXISM IN THE WORLD After the russian revolution many countries revolt in favor of the marxist ideas being the most important ones: • Chinese revolution: began in 1949 after had been very repressed by japanese in WWII in wich its most important leader was Mao Tse Tung, comunism in china is still present but there isn´t almost any type of marxist ideology. • Cuban revolution: began in 1953 leaded by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, was not a the beginning a comunist revolution but due that United States repressed they become comunist in search of USSR support. Fidel Castro: “ Condemn me it does not matter, history will absolve me”

MARXISM IN SPAIN The main marxist party in Spain is the PCE wich had

MARXISM IN SPAIN The main marxist party in Spain is the PCE wich had its greatest power in the beginnings of the 20 th century when in 1936 arrived to power with other parties. Fought very actively during the civil war and after the war it was harshly repressed and never achieved again the same importance. Dolores Ibárruri: “ They shall not pass” https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Yo-49 -d-7 w 4

EXPANSION OF MARXISM MAP

EXPANSION OF MARXISM MAP

CONCLUSION • Marxism was a doctrine wich was based in the critic to capitalism

CONCLUSION • Marxism was a doctrine wich was based in the critic to capitalism and wanted the abolition of classes. • Was inveted by Karl Marx and Fredierich Engels. • Comunism and marxism are similar but not equal. • How did marxism affected the society.

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