- Slides: 12
Marshall Mc. Luhan
Marshall Mc. Luhan • The Mechanical Bride (1951) • The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man (1960) • Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964) • The Medium is the Massage: An Inventory of Effects (1967)
Technological Determinism • “The theory Marshall Mc. Luhan advanced has been called technological determinism. As with any deterministic theory, the basic claim is that some single cause or phenomenon determines other aspects of life” (237).
Technological Determinism • “The theory of technological determinism states that technology – specifically, media – decisively shapes how individuals think, feel, and act and how societies organize themselves and operate” (238).
Media History • • The Tribal Epoch The Literate Epoch The Print Epoch The Electronic Epoch
Media History • Some characteristics of the tribal epoch: – Speech developed by homo-sapiens 20, 00040, 000 years ago. – Orality, Aurality, and tactility – Narrative Storytelling – Immersion and Simultaneity – Cohesive Communities
Media History • Some characteristics of the literate epoch: – The invention of the alphabet in Greece, 1000 B. C. – Vision – Linearity – Logic – Solitary Learning
Media History • Some characteristics of the print epoch: – The invention of the printing press in Germany, 1450 AD. – Everything that was mentioned for the literate epoch, but on a larger scale. – Fragmented communities. – The emergence of the middle-class.
Media History • Some characteristics of the electronic epoch: – Revival of Oralality/Aurality and Tactility. – The “global village. ”
The Medium is the… • The medium is the message. – The medium determines the content of communication. • The medium is the massage. – The medium has the power to manipulate our perceptions of the world. • The medium is the mass-age. – Mass communication has become the dominant form of interaction.
The Medium is the Message • Some examples of how messages are crafted to conform to the medium. – Film and TV action/violence. – Windows interface and “multitasking. ” – The hypertext book. – TOOL audio recording: “Die Eier Von Satan”
Media: Hot and Cool • Hot Media “are those that include relatively complete sensory data. Thus, a person doesn’t need to fill in a lot of information to understand the message” (242). • Cool Media, on the other hand, demand involvement from individuals” (242).