Marine Protected Areas Ecosystembased Adaptation Building a Resilient

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Marine Protected Areas, Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Building a Resilient Network of Partnerships Ruth Blyther Director,

Marine Protected Areas, Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Building a Resilient Network of Partnerships Ruth Blyther Director, Eastern Caribbean Program Anne Marie Hoffman Coastal Conservation Project Manager, USVI Program The Nature Conservancy

Global analysis People at Risk & Reefs at Risk Low Medium High Very High

Global analysis People at Risk & Reefs at Risk Low Medium High Very High World Risk Index Very Low Medium High Very High # of People Living Below 10 m and in Reef Zone

What cost?

What cost?

Caribbean Challenge Initiative Caribbean Political and Business Leaders 9/15/2020 4

Caribbean Challenge Initiative Caribbean Political and Business Leaders 9/15/2020 4

Building an integrated view of climate and disaster risks Marjo Aho Ecological Vulnerability Total

Building an integrated view of climate and disaster risks Marjo Aho Ecological Vulnerability Total Vulnerability Socio-Economic Vulnerability

Integrated vulnerability Exposure Nature’s Services Sensitivity Adaptive Capacity Potential Impact Vulnerability

Integrated vulnerability Exposure Nature’s Services Sensitivity Adaptive Capacity Potential Impact Vulnerability

Increase Adaptive capacity Reduce Sensitivity

Increase Adaptive capacity Reduce Sensitivity

Socio. Economically Vulnerable Communities DRAFT Critical Infrastructure & Facilities Sensitivity Index - Fire stations

Socio. Economically Vulnerable Communities DRAFT Critical Infrastructure & Facilities Sensitivity Index - Fire stations - Roads - Emergency Shelters DRAFT Social Sensitivity Index - Age - Access to radio/internet DRAFT Adaptive Capacity Index - Education - Health care - Income

MIKE 21 Flexible Mesh used for Storm Surge Modeling

MIKE 21 Flexible Mesh used for Storm Surge Modeling

Mangrove Vulnerability Framework 1. Where could mangroves potentially move? 2. Which mangroves are most/least

Mangrove Vulnerability Framework 1. Where could mangroves potentially move? 2. Which mangroves are most/least vulnerable to SLR? Mangrove Vulnerability Adaptive Capacity Migration Index Exposure Elevation relative to SLR Size Slope Elevation Adjacent land use Hydrologic connectivity Sensitivity Shape Openness Habitat type Species richness Watershed characterization Basin size Basin land use

Mangrove Vulnerability Index = Migration index * 2 + Shape + Size + Openness

Mangrove Vulnerability Index = Migration index * 2 + Shape + Size + Openness + SLR Exposure + Habitat type + Species Richness + Watershed index LOWER HIGHER

Facilitating an understanding of climate and disaster risk Photos by J Castano

Facilitating an understanding of climate and disaster risk Photos by J Castano

Developing integrated adaptation and disaster risk reduction plans + Science Participatory mapping Community surveys

Developing integrated adaptation and disaster risk reduction plans + Science Participatory mapping Community surveys ACTION PLAN

PILOT SITE WORK Grenville Area, Grenada

PILOT SITE WORK Grenville Area, Grenada

PILOT SITE WORK Grenville Area, Grenada Opportunities • Ideal situation to study wave attenuation,

PILOT SITE WORK Grenville Area, Grenada Opportunities • Ideal situation to study wave attenuation, reduce flooding impacts and inform reef engineering solutions • Opportunity to work on both reef and mangrove solutions • Some interest from large fishing community and community involvement on implementing action plans • Strong partner collaboration: GFC, Red Cross, fishers • Government is already working with us via Physical Planning and Fisheries who are doing excellent work • Opportunities for further funding from Caribbean Development Bank • Short term goals: Building on VCA and P 3 DM, mangrove planting at telescope • Long term goals: Mangrove island, fishers village/livelihood actions

All Connected in a Global Decision Support System WWW. Coastal. Resilience. Org

All Connected in a Global Decision Support System WWW. Coastal. Resilience. Org