Making Observations and Inferences Observations Observations We use

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Making Observations and Inferences

Making Observations and Inferences

Observations • Observations: We use our senses to gather information about the world around

Observations • Observations: We use our senses to gather information about the world around us. There are two types of observations.

Qualitative • Qualitative observation: (quality) Usually made with our senses. • Color, shape, feel,

Qualitative • Qualitative observation: (quality) Usually made with our senses. • Color, shape, feel, taste, sound. Examples: • Olivia is wearing a blue sweater. • The lab tabletop is smooth. • The dog’s fur is shiny.

Quantitative • Quantitative observation: (quantity) How many. Will always have a number. • Based

Quantitative • Quantitative observation: (quantity) How many. Will always have a number. • Based on exact measurement. Examples: • The room is 8 meters across. • Sarah is 141 -cm tall. • Sam weighs 150 pounds.

Inferences • Inference: • A logical interpretation of an event that is based on

Inferences • Inference: • A logical interpretation of an event that is based on observations and prior knowledge. What does this mean in 5 th grade science? Turn to a friend right now and talk quietly about this!

Making Inferences • You are at the counter in the office to get a

Making Inferences • You are at the counter in the office to get a bus pass signed. You see a student leave the principal’s office crying and upset. We could make an inference as to why the student is upset. • Could be in trouble (ISS, OSS, expelled) • Family problems at home (sick, accident) • Student not feeling well • Student has poor grades (failing, retention)

Observations VS Inferences üObservation – Based on the five senses: üSight üSmell üTouch üTaste

Observations VS Inferences üObservation – Based on the five senses: üSight üSmell üTouch üTaste üHearing üInference – Based on prior knowledge or opinion

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations and 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations and 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Observation vs Inference • List 3 Observations • List 3 Inferences

Resources: • http: //teachers. henrico. k 12. va. us/highlandspri ngs/meade_j/Units/Unit%201, %20 Part%201%20 Notes. PPT#289,

Resources: • http: //teachers. henrico. k 12. va. us/highlandspri ngs/meade_j/Units/Unit%201, %20 Part%201%20 Notes. PPT#289, 43, Experimenta l Design • http: //www. cobb. k 12. ga. us/~dickerson/sci%2 0 method. ppt#256, 1, Scientific Method • Adjustments made by Kimberly Estrada, LISD curriculum writer