- Slides: 9
MAKING INFERENCES Objectives: To make inferences by interpreting and analyzing text, including dialogue, and cite strong text evidence to support claims
DO NOW: WHERE AM I? 1. I sat on the chair while Dad and Max went into the room. I was a little worried about Max, but I knew that he would get good care. As I waited, I watched a tiny puppy wander toward the lady with a cat in a crate. The lady at the desk talked to a man who was buying medicine. 2. The room was dark and quiet. We heard Gina and her mother come in the front door talking. I heard two girls in the corner giggle nervously. Another girl told them to be quiet. I hid behind the table where the cake presents were set out. The tension in the room grew as we waited for them to open the door. 3. The line stretched forever. People put their bags on the floor and inched them forward. My father and I removed our shoes. There was an announcement about a gate change and a delay on an arrival from Chicago. 4. I arrived early for my appointment. The place was busy and smelled of chemicals. I found a place to sit and wait. The lady next to me had a towel around her head. I heard a blow dryer in the distance. It was loud over the music that was playing. 5. Create your own
OBJECTIVES: • To use text evidence to make inferences • To define what an inference is
Inference – a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning • Sometimes a writer will leave certain details out of a story • it is up to the reader to draw his/her own conclusion based on the information given.
How to Make an Inference • Use • Your knowledge of characters and plot details • common sense • Your own experience to fill in the missing details. **Use of TEXT CLUES + Background Knowledge = Inference
MAKE AN INFERENCE WHAT CAN YOU CONCLUDE ABOUT EACH STATEMENT BASED ON THE EVIDENCE GIVEN? A character has a briefcase, is taking a ride on an airplane, and is late for a meeting. When you enter a house, you see backpacks by the door, small shoes scattered near them. You see an art easel, and a room with a doll house and a toy box. Your friend walks past you without smiling. Her head is hanging down. She wipes a tear away from her eye, and looks at her report card. The woman at the airport ran toward the arriving flight area
Examples: 1. The divorce is still very painful for Brian. 2. “The Secret” is a terrible thing. 3. At the beginning of the flight, Brian is not very observant. 4. There is more wrong with the pilot than indigestion. 5. Brian is capable of taking control of a situation.
Examples 1. The divorce is still very painful for Brian. • Evidence: tears come to Brian’s eyes when he thinks about it; Brian describes the word, “divorce, ” as an ugly breaking word 2. “The Secret” is a terrible thing. • Evidence: Brian can’t tell anyone about it; He feels “hot white hate of anger” toward his mother 3. At the beginning of the flight, Brian is not very observant. • Evidence: he can’t remember the pilot’s name; he fails to recognize the seriousness of the pilot’s condition 4. There is more wrong with the pilot than indigestion. • Evidence: as a result of the pain the pilot suffered, he loses control of the plane causing it to lurch slightly; the pilot keeps rubbing his shoulder 5. Brian is capable of taking control of a situation. • Evidence: Brian figures out how to take control of the plane; he attempts to radio for help
REVIEW: • What is an inference? • What are the two key items to think about when making your inferences?