- Slides: 13
MA GN IFIC GLO EN RIOU T S U O L U B FA W S RF ADJECTIVES D N A TI DE UL E M SO BE AU ON FU H L R GO PE S U O GE R FE C T
ADJECTIVES DESCRIBE _______. POSITIVE ADJECTIVES ARE USED WHEN YOU ARE DESCRIBING ONE THING. COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES ARE USED WHEN YOU ARE COMPARING TWO THINGS. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES ARE USED WHEN YOU ARE COMPARING THREE OR MORE THINGS. EACH OF THESE IS CALLED A “DEGREE” OF AN ADJECTIVE. NOTE: ONLY ADJECTIVES (AND ADVERBS) CAN BE MADE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE. NOUNS AND VERBS CAN NOT. TAKE SOME NOUNS AND TRY TO MAKE THEM COMPARATIVE OR SUPERLATIVE. THEY DON’T MAKE SENSE DO THEY?
EXAMPLE: That tree is really tall. That tree is taller than the one beside it. That tree is the tallest one in the forest. Now write your own set of sentences describing a boat. Make sure you use positive, comparative, and superlative adjectives. Let’s practice using strong adjectives. Write a paragraph about your class. Make sure to use strong adjectives, as well as, at least one positive, one comparative, and one superlative adjective.
read flying wave VERBS dunk swimming talk
VERBS SHOW _____ OR STATE OF _______. VERBS CAN BE ACTIVE OR PASSIVE VOICE. WHICH GIVES MORE POWER TO YOUR PAPER? HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF STRONG VERBS. THE FIRST SENTENCE USES A BORING VERB AND THE SECOND A STRONG VERB. EX. 1 : The little girl walked to the store. The little girl skipped to the store. EX 2: The third graders go into the gym. The third graders charged into the gym. How did your mental picture change with the second sentence? Assignment: Think of at least 3 words to replace the following verbs that can be over-used when writing papers. say walk tell
PLACE IDEA NOUNS PEOPLE THING
• Nouns name _______, or ______. • Proper nouns are always capitalized and usually name a specific person or place. • Nouns can be made plural, possessive, • Make the following nouns plural: computer, card, purse, glass, potato, steak
• • IRREGULAR NOUNS Some nouns ending in y must change the y to an i and add –es to the end. lady = ladies baby = babies Some nouns ending in –f or –fe must change to –ves in plural form knife = knives half = halves Some nouns change the vowel sound to become plural goose = geese foot = feet mouse = mice woman = women Some nouns do not change form when plural fish = fish deer = deer
• Other irregular plural noun rules: – – – – nouns ending in –on use –a in plural nouns ending in –is become –es in plural nouns ending in –ix/ex become –ices in plural nouns ending in –us become –i in plural nouns ending in –o can add either –s/es in plural form some nouns looks plural but are singular collective nouns are singular though they refer to many things
TODAY LOVELY SELDOM NOT ADVERBS HERE LOUDLY NEVER
• Adverbs answer the questions: Where? When? Why? How? To What Extent? • Adverbs modify _____, ______, and other ____. • On the following slide are sentences. Fill in the missing adverbs.
1. The boy walked _____ to school. 2. The girl cried _____ over her lost doll. 3. I went ______ for breakfast this morning. 4. I went to dentist _____, not yesterday. 5. I asked her to ______ speak to me again. 6. The class waited ____ for the lunch bell to ring.
The following is a poem written by Lewis Carroll. It’s words are often nonsensical, but we are going to make them sensible. Determine what part of speech the underline word is, and replace it with a word that makes sense to you. JABBERWOCKY `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe: All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe. And, as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame, Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came ! One, two! And through and through The vorpal blade went snickersnack! He left it dead, and with its head He went galumphing back. "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch! Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious Bandersnatch!" "And, has thou slain the Jabberwock? Come to my arms, my beamish boy! O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!' He chortled in his joy. He took his vorpal sword in hand: Long time the manxome foe he sought -So rested he by the Tumtum tree, And stood awhile in thought. `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.