- Slides: 17
Lockout/Tagout = LOTO Ø OSHA-required program Ø Safeguards you from: • unexpected energization • unexpected startup • release of hazardous energy Ø Training is required During: ∙ service and maintenance ∙ installation and set-up ∙ other activities
LOTO hardware Ø The lock – only 1 key Ø The tag – employee-specific Ø The locking device
Hazardous Energy Any type of energy is potentially hazardous! Common forms of energy: • • Electrical Gravitational Hydraulic Kinetic - residual movement in rotating parts
Importance of LOTO Ø Anyone working on machinery may be exposed to injuries from energy surges, machine startup, or release of energy that is stored in the equipment Ø In metal fabrication: • 10% of fatalities due to failure to use LOTO procedures • 15% of serious trauma cases are LOTO-related
Authorized? “Authorized” employee: Ø Specially trained in LOTO procedures Ø Allowed to lockout a piece of equipment Ø Allowed to restart a locked out machine Ø Has a LOTO lock with only 1 key Ø Has a LOTO tag with their picture & name on it
Affected? “Affected” employee: Ø Ø No LOTO responsibilities Must recognize when LOTO is in progress Not allowed to remove locks and tags Not allowed to bypass locks and tags YOU will be an “affected” employee unless trained in LOTO
Training Ø Required for “authorized” and “affected” employees Ø Must be provided by the employer Ø Re-training must be provided when there is a change in: • Job assignment • Machinery or processes - a new hazard is present • Energy-control or LOTO procedures
LOTO Shut-down You - the “affected” employee - will be notified that: Ø LOTO is about to occur Ø You cannot use that machine until the person who locked it says it is safe to do so
Don’t Use a Machine Ø From the time you are told a machine is being shut down until you are told it is safe to use Ø If you see a lock or a tag: • Do NOT bypass it • Do not try to remove it
When in Doubt: ASK! A life is on the line!
Lockable Disconnects Ø In plain view from your workstation Ø One for each energy source Ø If you notice that a disconnect was missed during machine lockout – speak up!
LOTO: Start-up You - the “affected” employee - will be notified that: Ø Equipment will be restarted – stay away! Ø All LOTO devices have been removed The “authorized” employee must test the equipment to be sure it is safe, before YOU can use it.
Posted LOTO Procedure
Lockout and Blocking ?
Summary ü Businesses must have a written LOTO program with stepby-step procedures for each machine ü LOTO training must be provided to all employees ü Only “authorized” employees can implement LOTO ü YOU will be an “affected” employee ü Never remove or bypass locks or tags