Los Verbos Reflexivos
Los verbos reflexivos Used to describe people doing things for themselves. In English, these are actions such as brushing one’s teeth, combing one’s hair, showering oneself.
You have already seen one reflexive verb before in a few of its forms…. ____ llamo nos llamamos Te llamas x Se llaman
In English: I do We do to, at, for me/myself to, at, for us/ourselves You do to, at, for you / yourself He does to, at, for himself she does to, at, for herself x They do to, at, for them/themselves all of you do to, at, for yourselves
Reflexive Pronouns Me Nos Te Se Ex: I wash MY face. = Se Me lav o la cara.
Reflexive Pronouns Me Lav. O Nos Lav. AMOS Te Lav. AS Se Lav. AN Notice that the SUBJECT (yo) the verb (ending in O) and the ME (reflexive pronoun) are all in the same form, describing the same person. Ex: I wash MY face. = Me lav o la cara.
I wash my face Me lavo la cara We wash our faces Nos lavamos las caras You wash your face Te lavas la cara He/she/you formal wash his/her/your face Se lava la cara They wash their faces/all of your wash your faces Se lavan las caras
I get up Me levanto We get up Nos levantamos You get up Te levantas He/she/you formal gets up Se levanta They wash their faces/all of you get up Se levantan
I wake up Me despierto We wake up Nos despertamos You wake up Te despiertas He/she/you formal wakes up Se despierta They/all of you wake up Se despiertan
You still have to conjugate the verb to fit with the subject. With reflexive verbs, there are two things that always match: What is the rule? • *The ______ ending of the verb and the _______ reflexive pronoun always match. You wash your face = Te lavas la cara. (-AS ending because it’s “you, ” TE because you do it to yourself)
Placement of the pronouns will be either BEFORE THE CONJUGATED VERB or ATTACHED TO THE INFINITIVE: DESPERTARSE We wake up. – Nos despertamos. • We are going to wake up. Vamos a despertarnos. NOS vamos a despertar.
Mi rutina diaria: • • Bañarse = __________ Lavarse = __________ Despertarse (e->ie) ______________ Levantarse = _________________ Acostarse (o->ue) _____________ Dormirse (o->ue, u) ________________ Morirse (o-ue, u) ________________
Mi rutina diaria: • • When conjugating the reflexive verb, form the “se” to match the verb (yo is me, etc), then put the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb. bañarse I bathe =Me baño. I bathed =Me bañé He bathes se baña_ He bathed _se bañó__ All of you wash yourselves ________ You all washed yourselves __________ We get up (out of bed) ____________ We got up ____________
• If you have two verbs in the sentence, you have two possible places to put the reflexive pronoun: (2 verbs, 2 ways) • BEFORE the conjugated verb (Me voy a bañar = Myself I am going to bathe). • OR ATTACHED to the infinitive • ( still has to match the person = Voy a bañarme= I am going to bathe myself)
1. She is going to get up (out of bed) = _______________________ OR ______________________ 2. The children have to get up (out of bed) = ______________________ OR _____________________
3. We have to bathe (ourselves) ___________________ OR ____________________ 4. The students wash themselves __________________
• Mi rutina diaria: En la mañana, primero ______________. Entonces __________________. Luego, _____________.