- Slides: 5
Lord Cornwallis. Introduction. In 1786 , Lord Cornwallis came to Bengal as Governor General. Before his appointment , he had acted as the Commander – in- Chief of the British army in the American War of Independence. He was interested with the task of finding out a satisfactory solution to the land revenue problem , Re – Structuring the Commercial Department , Purifying administration and reorganising the judicial department. He amended the Pitt’s India Act in 1786 He carried out the following reforms in the different fields of administration.
Administrative Reforms : Suppression of Corruption. Cornwallis brought far reaching administrative changes. The first three years of his rule he successfully checked the abuses practised by the officials and defined their duties and responsibilities. 1. The servants of the Company received low salaries and there was no provision for pension. So they engaged in private trade and received heavy bribes. So Cornwallis increased their salaries and he abolished the jobbing agencies and Contracts. 2. In order to brought economic change , a number of profit Posts were abolished. 3. He boldly resisted the requests of the Directors and other persons in England who recommended their favourites and dependents for Indian appointments.
He did serious injustices to Indians. He distrusted the Indians and shut them out completely from the higher places in Government services. Commercial Reforms : English Company used to buy goods from Indian merchants through their Residents. These residents paid less to the Indian Merchants and cheated the Company by reserving good stuff for themselves and sending goods of inferior quality to the company. Cornwallis abolished this type of contracts with the merchants. Judicial Reforms : Cornwallis made important changes in the Judicial system and tried to organise it on European lines. With this object in view , he compiled the famous Cornwallis Code in 1793.