Long Vowels Rules Remember, vowels are short unless there’s a reason for them to be long
Mark long vowels with a macron I like games. Mark short vowels with a breve. It is hot.
Long vowels say their name A n. E n. I n. O n. U n Ace, aim, able, name, game n Each, easy, eat, meet, meat n Idea, I’m, I’ll, like n Open, over, own, boat, vote n Use, unit, union, mute, juice n
Use key words to pronounce short vowels A n. E n. I n. O n. U n Apple n Echo n Itch n Octopus n Up n
#1 Silent e at the end of a word makes the vowel long n n n n Not Kit Rod Con Past Pal tap n n n n Note Kite Rode Cone Paste Pale tape n n n Exceptions Give Pensive Have Olive This rule works Five 90% of the time
#2 When two vowels go walking the first one does the talking and says its name and the second is silent. n n n n Seat Beef Loan Coat Bean Boast Toast n n n n Maid Toad Bait Meat Meet Peel Speak Vowel digraphs n n Exceptions Receive Idea Piece This rule You works 75% of the time
#3 A vowel at the end of a syllable is usually long n n n Bacon April Open Go No I n n n Even Over Baby Idea Hero Bagel n n Exceptions occur when the vowel is a schwa California America This rule Alaska works Florida 70% of the time
Global Exceptions n n n n R-controlled syllables Girl n World Stir n Word Her n Farm Member n Are n Or Sister n Bore Urge Furniture n n n -le syllable Little Middle Cuddle Foreign words Rendezvous Caveat Noël Mark exceptions with a slash Her rendezvous
Diphthongs – two vowels that begin with one vowel sound and glide into another vowel sound are also exceptions. Circle these syllables and mark them with a D. n n ai, ay, ee, ey, oa, oe, ue, oi, oy, au, aw, ou, ow, oo (2 sounds each), ea (3 sounds), eu, ew, ui bait, play, jeep, valley, boat, toe, blue, coin, boy, author, thaw, soup/though, snow/plow, book/boot, eat/bread/steak, Europe, few, juice
Mark the vowels n You have to be very cautious about making predictions, especially when you predict where things are going to be five years from now. For example, in 1973, there were 457 Elvis impersonators in America. In 1993, there were 2, 736. If this trend had continued by the year 2000 one out of four Americans would have been Elvis impersonators.
A young man wanted to try an exciting sport. He decided to try skydiving, so he went to a store and bought a parachute. “I’m going to try skydiving!” he told his friends. Her friends were worried. “Skydiving is dangerous, ” they said. “What will you do it your parachute doesn’t open? ” “If my parachute doesn’t open, ” the young man said, “I’ll take it back to the store for a refund. ”
A rich woman was thinking about her mother. It was her mother’s birthday, and she wanted to send her mother a nice birthday present. The woman went to a pet shop. She saw a beautiful bird. The bird could sing, and it could speak seven languages. It cost $50, 000. The woman bought the bird and sent it to her mother. The next day the woman called her mother on the telephone. “Mama, ” asked the woman, “How do you like the bird? ” “I’m eating it now, ” her mother replied. “It’s delicious. ”