Liverwort Diversity A B C LEAFY LIVERWORTS Jungermanniales

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Liverwort Diversity A) ___________ B) ___________ C) ___________

Liverwort Diversity A) ___________ B) ___________ C) ___________

LEAFY LIVERWORTS (Jungermanniales) > 280 Genera > 7, 000 Species

LEAFY LIVERWORTS (Jungermanniales) > 280 Genera > 7, 000 Species

Leafy Liverworts Lateral Leaves (Succubous) 6

Leafy Liverworts Lateral Leaves (Succubous) 6

Leafy Liverworts Lateral Leaves (Incubous)

Leafy Liverworts Lateral Leaves (Incubous)

Leafy Liverworts 3 2 Complicately Bilobed Lateral Leaves

Leafy Liverworts 3 2 Complicately Bilobed Lateral Leaves

Leafy Liverworts Underleaves

Leafy Liverworts Underleaves

Leafy Liverworts Bazzania Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Bazzania Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Cephalozia Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Cephalozia Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Trichocolea Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Trichocolea Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Porella 8 Leaf Complexity 9

Leafy Liverworts Porella 8 Leaf Complexity 9

Leafy Liverworts Frullania Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts Frullania Leaf Complexity

Leafy Liverworts 17 Life Stage:

Leafy Liverworts 17 Life Stage:

Leafy Liverworts 18 Female Gametangia, Perichaetial Leaves

Leafy Liverworts 18 Female Gametangia, Perichaetial Leaves

Leafy Liverworts 19 Male Gametangia, Perigonial Leaves

Leafy Liverworts 19 Male Gametangia, Perigonial Leaves

Leafy Liverworts ! ! ! ! Acrogynous Anacrogynous ! Gametangia Position

Leafy Liverworts ! ! ! ! Acrogynous Anacrogynous ! Gametangia Position

Leafy Liverworts Life Stage:

Leafy Liverworts Life Stage:

Leafy Liverworts Young Sporophyte

Leafy Liverworts Young Sporophyte

Leafy Liverworts Young Sporangium, Sporocytes, Elaters

Leafy Liverworts Young Sporangium, Sporocytes, Elaters

Leafy Liverworts Mature Sporophyte, Sporangum Dehiscence

Leafy Liverworts Mature Sporophyte, Sporangum Dehiscence

Leafy Liverworts 22

Leafy Liverworts 22

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) • ~ 28 Genera • ~ 550 Species

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) • ~ 28 Genera • ~ 550 Species

Oldest Fossil Liverworts Metzgeriothallus (350 -360 MYA) Pallavicinites (370 -360 MYA) Metzgeria Pallavicinia (Modern)

Oldest Fossil Liverworts Metzgeriothallus (350 -360 MYA) Pallavicinites (370 -360 MYA) Metzgeria Pallavicinia (Modern)

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) 24 Pellia Gametophyte Diversity 25

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) 24 Pellia Gametophyte Diversity 25

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Aneura Gametophyte Diversity

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Aneura Gametophyte Diversity

26 Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Pallavicinia Metzgeria Gametophyte Diversity 27

26 Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Pallavicinia Metzgeria Gametophyte Diversity 27

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Fossombronia Gametophyte Diversity

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) Fossombronia Gametophyte Diversity

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) 28 Riccardia Gametophyte Diversity 29

Ribbon Liverworts (Metzgeriales) 28 Riccardia Gametophyte Diversity 29

Ribbon Liverworts Gametophyte Complexity

Ribbon Liverworts Gametophyte Complexity

Ribbon Liverworts Location of Gametangia

Ribbon Liverworts Location of Gametangia

Ribbon Liverworts Gametangia

Ribbon Liverworts Gametangia

Ribbon Liverworts Sporophytes

Ribbon Liverworts Sporophytes

Ribbon Liverworts Young Sporangium, Sporocytes, Elaters

Ribbon Liverworts Young Sporangium, Sporocytes, Elaters

Ribbon Liverworts Mature Sporangium, Sporangium Dehiscence

Ribbon Liverworts Mature Sporangium, Sporangium Dehiscence

Next: Chambered Thallose Liverworts (Marchantiales)

Next: Chambered Thallose Liverworts (Marchantiales)

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