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Link up to … a world of many languages Gerund/ -ing/ To + Infinitive
Gerund/ -ing/ To + Infinitive The gerund/ -ing form and the To + Infinitive are not verb tenses but verb forms used in specific grammatical contexts. They cannot be used after a subject.
Gerund/ -ing form USE § verbs expressing likes/ dislikes + ing form Initially Jennifer didn’t enjoy living in L. A. . § preposition + -ing form She kept on fighting for a career as an actress and dancer. § -ing form as noun Dancing and singing are her passions. § verbs of perception + -ing form Yesterday I saw J Lo walking down the street.
Gerund/ -ing form FORM To form the gerund, we add –ing to the verb and make any necessary spelling modifications. singing buying trying cutting listening have having referring save saving
Gerund/ -ing form USE The following list depicts verbs, phrasal verbs and expressions that are usually followed by a verb in the gerund/ -ing form. admit appreciate avoid can’t help can’t stand carry on consider defend delay deny detest dislike endure enjoy escape excuse face fancy feel like finish forgive up imagine involve justify keep on leave off mention mind miss postpone practise put off quit report resent resist risk save suggest understand
To + Infinitive USE The list that follows includes verbs, phrasal verbs and expressions which require the use of the To + Infiinitive. agree ask arrange appear attempt beg can’t afford can’t wait choose claim decide demand expect fail guarantee happen hope learn long manage neglect offer omit plan pretend prove promise prepare refuse seek seem swear tend threaten turn out undertake want wish
Gerund/ -ing/ To + Infinitive Some verbs can be followed by the gerund/ -ing form or the To + Infinitive without substantially changing their meaning. She liked attending dance lessons. begin start continue hate intend like love prefer, etc. gerund/ -ing form She liked to attend dance lessons. to + infinitive
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs given between brackets. complaining (complain) about the computer’s 1. Daniele can’t help _____ low speed. to travel (travel) to the USA. 2. My boyfriend plans _____ 3. They have finished _____ (read) the article for their final reading essay. to confront 4. John unfortunately dared _____ (confront) his parents. He is now grounded. to give 5. I need you _____ (give) me some information about the interrail pass. consulting 6. Some students avoid _____ (consult) the dictionary and fail.