- Slides: 16
Lines of Latitude, Longitude, & Hemispheres Geography is filled with imaginary lines….
Imaginary Lines ►Geographers divide the Earth into lines of latitude and longitude
Latitude ► Lines of Latitude run from east to west ► Also called Parallels b/c they will never intersect (touch) Latitude
The Equator ►The Equator is 0 degree latitude ►Is located halfway between the North and South Poles ►Divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres Equator
Measurement of Latitude ► Lines of latitude are always measured in degrees north or south of the Equator ► For example: 15° N
Longitude ►Lines run from north to south ►Also referred to as Meridians ►The lines meet at the North and South Poles Longitude
The Prime Meridian ► The Prime Meridian measures at 0 degrees longitude ►Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
Measurement of Longitude ► Lines of longitude are always measured in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian ► For example: 15° W
Check for Understanding ► Use the maps on your desk to complete the following tasks…. 1. List 3 countries that the Equator runs through 2. List 3 countries that the Prime Meridian runs through 3. List a U. S. city that is close to 30° N 4. List a U. S. city that is close to 90° W
Check for Understanding ► Use the maps on your desk to complete the following tasks…. 5. What two hemispheres in the US located in? 6. Name two continents located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere: 7. Name one continent located entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
Absolute Location Practice Open your book to page 672 and give the latitude and longitude of the following cities:
Madrid, Spain 2. Lisbon, Portugal 3. Manchester, England 4. Oslo, Norway 1. 2. 3. 4. Tampere, Finland Vatican City in Italy Moscow, Russia Kiev, Ukraine