Lighting Efficiency Regulations Department of Energy Pretoria Republic

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Lighting Efficiency Regulations Department of Energy Pretoria, Republic of South Africa Michael Scholand 26

Lighting Efficiency Regulations Department of Energy Pretoria, Republic of South Africa Michael Scholand 26 October 2018

CLASP – Who we are and Mission • Who we are: o USA non-profit

CLASP – Who we are and Mission • Who we are: o USA non-profit established 1999 o Worked in over 50 countries / economies o 40+ people around the globe o Dedicated programmes in Africa, India and Europe (since 2009) • Mission: o “CLASP improves the energy and environmental performance of the appliances & equipment we use every day, accelerating our transition to a more sustainable world. ” 2

Lighting Electricity Use Globally • Lighting consumed 15 % of the total electricity consumption

Lighting Electricity Use Globally • Lighting consumed 15 % of the total electricity consumption in 2015 or 2940 TWh • Electricity to run the lights contributed 1. 6 Gt of CO 2 emissions • > 1, 0 billion people lack electrical lighting – future demand • A disruptive technology (LED) has entered the market – changes are coming 3 3

Electricity enables us to do things…. • Cold beer • Cool air • Bright

Electricity enables us to do things…. • Cold beer • Cool air • Bright lights • Great movies • Clean clothes • Quality of life is really about services, not electricity • Energy-efficiency enables you to enjoy the same services while using less electricity – any policy-makers hold the key 4

Efficiency is a “Negawatt” Power Station • Freeing-up existing capacity is the same as

Efficiency is a “Negawatt” Power Station • Freeing-up existing capacity is the same as building new capacity • “Negawatts” of free capacity are cheaper and faster than building new capacity, and have zero running costs Traditional Power Station – “Megawatts” Virtual Power Station – “Negawatts” 5

Benefits of market transformation to more efficient products • Household savings - reduce household

Benefits of market transformation to more efficient products • Household savings - reduce household energy bills (but still enjoy the same services!); • Grid reliability – reduce electricity shortages (brown-outs / black-outs); reduces peak power demand • Save national investment – reduce capital and loans tied up in power stations and grid upgrades; slows new demand growth • Market protection - avoid becoming dumpingground for technologies banned elsewhere • Energy imports – reduce capital out-flow for fuel purchases / electricity imports; strengthen national energy security • Climate change – develop on a ‘soft energy path’, avoid becoming a high CO 2 emission country 6

7 Lighting in all end-use sectors is shifting to LED • All end-use sectors

7 Lighting in all end-use sectors is shifting to LED • All end-use sectors �Residential - household lighting, indoor & outdoor �Commercial – hallway, offices, meeting rooms, architectural, retail / shop, parking, area… �Industrial – high-bay, process �Municipal / Outdoor – street lighting, walkway, sports stadium… 7

Global trend in policy-making to phase-out inefficient lighting • European phased out mains-voltage halogen

Global trend in policy-making to phase-out inefficient lighting • European phased out mains-voltage halogen spot lights in September 2016 and non-directional halogen lamps in September 2018 • UN Environment working with >10 countries on phase-out 8 8

9 Start with Non-Directional Household Lamps • High energy user, primarily a domestic sector

9 Start with Non-Directional Household Lamps • High energy user, primarily a domestic sector product • Good efficiency range (“efficacy” = lumens light per Watt power) • Define in a technology-neutral way, to cover all these technologies – as in Europe, 244/2009 • Use different ‘tiers’ to advance the market when you are ready • When regulating, consider quality requirements – light quality and colour, lifetime, flicker, power quality, etc. 9

Low Efficiency Data sources: Australian Government Department of Industry, Innovation and Science on behalf

Low Efficiency Data sources: Australian Government Department of Industry, Innovation and Science on behalf of the Equipment Energy Efficiency Program (E 3). US Department of Energy, Lighting. Facts Efficacy (lumens / Watt) 1 0 Non-Directional Household Lamps - Efficacy High Efficiency Light Output – lumens 10

Efficient lighting in South Africa is cost-effective… Save 87% 75% Power No Mercury (Hg)

Efficient lighting in South Africa is cost-effective… Save 87% 75% Power No Mercury (Hg) Item R CFL LED Light 850 lm Life 1000 hrs 6000 hrs 15000 hrs Price* R 21. 99 R 29. 99 Power 70 W 15 W 9 W Use (3 hr/day)* 77 k. Wh/yr 16 k. Wh/yr 10 k. Wh/yr Elec cost. * R 91/yr R 20/yr R 12/yr 5 -year cost R 588 R 128 R 89 1 month Payback period * Lamp prices from Pick n Pay in Rosebank, 26 Oct 2018. All regular prices, no special offers or discounts. Usage assumptions are: 3 hours/day, 365 days/year. Electricity is R 1. 19/k. Wh (2016/17 res price). Lamp prices constant over 5 years. 11

Thank you, any questions? For more information come to tomorrow’s workshop, visit www. clasp.

Thank you, any questions? For more information come to tomorrow’s workshop, visit www. clasp. ngo or contact: Michael Scholand Senior Advisor Policy & Analysis Team CLASP | Europe T: +44 -7931 -701 -568 S: mscholand E: [email protected] ngo 12