Leveraging Web 2 0 to Develop Better Applications

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Leveraging Web 2. 0 to Develop Better Applications for Rural Communities Amit Dasgupta September

Leveraging Web 2. 0 to Develop Better Applications for Rural Communities Amit Dasgupta September 2007 1

Contents o A Perspective on Knowledge Sharing Applications o Challenges in Knowledge Sharing o

Contents o A Perspective on Knowledge Sharing Applications o Challenges in Knowledge Sharing o Leveraging Web 2. 0 for Better Applications Ø Crop Cultivation Planning Ø Irrigation Scheduling Ø Agro Input & Prophylactic Control o Web 2. 0 for Stakeholders o Conclusions Amit Dasgupta September 2007 2

A Perspective on Knowledge Apps. o India has made remarkable progress in technology, industrial

A Perspective on Knowledge Apps. o India has made remarkable progress in technology, industrial development and economic growth o But the benefits of such development have not reached the agricultural community - 60% of India’s population. o Lack of easy access to knowledge and information – a key inhibitor for robust agricultural development o Availability of information is not a constraint, several institutions contribute to the knowledge pool - Ineffective dissemination of information is the main impediment. o Applications available currently are limited in content and functionality and can only serve a localised community. Amit Dasgupta September 2007 3

Challenges in Knowledge Sharing What are the challenges in developing knowledge sharing applications for

Challenges in Knowledge Sharing What are the challenges in developing knowledge sharing applications for a larger community? Ø Without a large user base, difficult to justify the high cost Ø A large user base can be expected only if regional variations and localization needs are addressed, thereby increasing complexity Ø To provide rich information and content, data has to be extracted from multiple sources, which demands close collaboration Ø Due to limited access to computers, applications can be widely used only if they can support multiple devices - cell phones, TV etc Amit Dasgupta September 2007 4

How Can Web 2. 0 be Useful? Content aggregation & syndication (RSS/ATOM feeds) o

How Can Web 2. 0 be Useful? Content aggregation & syndication (RSS/ATOM feeds) o To improve the quality of information by linking with mashups allows better information and knowledge management information from multiple data sources o o To Collaborative content authoring using WIKI and feeds for publishing data reduce cost of content creation and deployment Information access through multiple devices using feeds and mashups For providing better access through multiple devices Amit Dasgupta September 2007 5

How Can Web 2. 0 be Useful? o • WIKI for collaborative authoring •

How Can Web 2. 0 be Useful? o • WIKI for collaborative authoring • Through tagging more meaning to data can be attached collaboratively Tag To provide richer content using collective intelligence of user communities and experts • WIKI & tagging for collaborative authoring & o For effective information exchange and knowledge • Feeds & between mashups for knowledge management geographically dispersed Tag stakeholders through a collaborative web platform. Amit Dasgupta September 2007 6

Crop Cultivation Planning Trading firms/ Auction Centres Market Demand Data Village/Block - Mallur Week

Crop Cultivation Planning Trading firms/ Auction Centres Market Demand Data Village/Block - Mallur Week 36 - 2006 Crop Acreage Tomatoes 60 Onions 112 Potatoes 96 Web Application To analyse demand & supply position Farmers Cultivation Data from Village/Block • Demand Supply Gap • Suggested Crop Cultivation Plan Application Server Demand vs Supply - Week 36 Crop Rank Gap (Mt) • Crop Cultivation Data • Demand Supply Gap Insurance, Financial Agri Input & Food Processing Cos. Amit Dasgupta September 2007 Onions 1 450 Tomatoes 2 300 Potatoes 3 -200 7

Irrigation Scheduling Meteorological Department Irrigation Department Meteorological Data Web Application Irrigation Schedules For Irrigation

Irrigation Scheduling Meteorological Department Irrigation Department Meteorological Data Web Application Irrigation Schedules For Irrigation Scheduling Application Server Soil Maps Farmers National Bureau of Soil Survey Amit Dasgupta September 2007 8

Agro Input & Prophylactic Control Experts Advice on: • Fertiliser & pesticide use •

Agro Input & Prophylactic Control Experts Advice on: • Fertiliser & pesticide use • Prophylactic control Web Application Computerised models for fertiliser and pesticide use Farmers • Soil Test Data • Pest Description Guidance on Crop, Agro Inputs & Pesticide use Application Server Experience Sharing & Feedback Amit Dasgupta Farming Community September 2007 9

Web 2. 0 for Stakeholders Feeds Subscribe to content feeds Publish feeds on crop

Web 2. 0 for Stakeholders Feeds Subscribe to content feeds Publish feeds on crop demand, prices, agro inputs and meteorology Manage feeds and provide easier mechanisms to publish and consume feed content Tagging Tag content for receiving and searching information Monitor tags to publish more relevant feeds Provide a mechanism to data -mine tag content and provide visualization in the form of tag-clouds Mashups Tag Systems Developers Have access to value added information and content published as feeds Use mash up-builder tools to create mashups for data mining and other research and business needs Provide support for mashingup of content; using mashupbuilders to generate richer information and knowledge Wiki User Community Research Institutions, Govt. Agencies & Business Users Author and view content Author view and regulate content Maintain the WIKI, and its integration with other Web 2. 0 technologies Amit Dasgupta September 2007 10

Conclusion o Integration of data from multiple sources will be required to provide meaningful

Conclusion o Integration of data from multiple sources will be required to provide meaningful information and content. o Involvement of stake holders is crucial for sharing and dissemination of information for knowledge sharing applications for the agricultural community. o Using the Web 2. 0 framework would offer significant advantages: Ø Richer information and content Ø Geographically dispersed organisations can jointly work together Ø Collaborative framework for community participation Amit Dasgupta September 2007 11

Conclusion… o The message is clear. Academic and research institutions, government agencies, NGOs, commercial

Conclusion… o The message is clear. Academic and research institutions, government agencies, NGOs, commercial organisations and users must collaborate. o The time is opportune for key stakeholders to convene a Forum to work together, to make knowledge more accessible to rural communities. o The impact of such initiatives on the rural economy and benefits to the farming community worldwide - would be truly astounding! Amit Dasgupta September 2007 12

Questions? amit_dasgupta@yahoo. com Amit Dasgupta September 2007 13

Questions? [email protected] com Amit Dasgupta September 2007 13

Thank You! amit_dasgupta@yahoo. com Amit Dasgupta September 2007 14

Thank You! [email protected] com Amit Dasgupta September 2007 14