Legislative Branch What is the job of the

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Legislative Branch

Legislative Branch

What is the job of the Legislative branch l Make laws

What is the job of the Legislative branch l Make laws

What are constituents? l. A person who lives in an electoral district and is

What are constituents? l. A person who lives in an electoral district and is represented by an elected official

What is the age requirement to be a U. S. House of Representative? l

What is the age requirement to be a U. S. House of Representative? l 25… lived in the U. S. for 7 years

How long are the terms for House of Representatives? l 2 years

How long are the terms for House of Representatives? l 2 years

How many members are the in the House of Reps? l 435

How many members are the in the House of Reps? l 435

How are the number of House Reps decided? l Apportionment: divided among the states

How are the number of House Reps decided? l Apportionment: divided among the states by population l Census: every 10 years l Gerrymandering: manipulating boundaries of an electoral constituency as to favor one class or party.

Are there term limits on the national level for members of Congress? l no

Are there term limits on the national level for members of Congress? l no John Dingell

What does bicameral mean? l Having two divisions of congress

What does bicameral mean? l Having two divisions of congress

Who has the most power in the House? l Speaker of the House

Who has the most power in the House? l Speaker of the House

Why is the Speaker of the House’s job important? l Decides debated what bills

Why is the Speaker of the House’s job important? l Decides debated what bills will be heard and

Who is the official head of the Senate? l Vice president

Who is the official head of the Senate? l Vice president

Who is in charge of the Senate under the Vice? l President Pro Tempore:

Who is in charge of the Senate under the Vice? l President Pro Tempore: Orrin Hatch

How long are the terms for Senators? l 6 years

How long are the terms for Senators? l 6 years

What is the age requirement to be a U. S. Senator? l 30 yrs…

What is the age requirement to be a U. S. Senator? l 30 yrs… lived in the U. S. for 9 years

What are three powers given to Congress? l Levy and collect taxes l Borrow

What are three powers given to Congress? l Levy and collect taxes l Borrow money l Regulate interstate and foreign commerce l Coin money l Declare war l To make “laws that are necessary and proper” : Elastic Clause

What are the checks that the legislative branch has over the other branches? l

What are the checks that the legislative branch has over the other branches? l l l Oversight: oversees executive agencies Confirmation: approving officials appointed to office by the president Impeachment: Ratification: approve of all treaties Override: reverse an amendment Amendment: can propose an amendment to the Constitution

How does the impeachment process work? l House: impeach the federal official: formal wrongdoing

How does the impeachment process work? l House: impeach the federal official: formal wrongdoing l Senate holds the trial

Which bills can only start in the house? l Tax or Appropriation bills

Which bills can only start in the house? l Tax or Appropriation bills

Describe three ways state legislature differs from the national legislature? l Citizen legislature l

Describe three ways state legislature differs from the national legislature? l Citizen legislature l Hybrid legislature l Professional legislature

State Legislators: Montana l Senate– Elected every 4 years, but cannot serve more than

State Legislators: Montana l Senate– Elected every 4 years, but cannot serve more than 8 years l House – 50 of Representatives- 100 Elected every 2 years, but cannot serve more than 8 years

What is an incumbent and what are the advantages? l Person who is currently

What is an incumbent and what are the advantages? l Person who is currently holding office and running for reelection. l Name recognition, office resources, campaign funds, and bragging rights, franking privileges

What is a standing committee? l Permanent committees that handle most legislative business

What is a standing committee? l Permanent committees that handle most legislative business