Lecture Conformity Conformity Definition Change in Behavior or

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Lecture Conformity

Lecture Conformity

Conformity Definition: Change in Behavior or belief from the result of real or imagined

Conformity Definition: Change in Behavior or belief from the result of real or imagined pressure from others

Conformity Sherif (1936) The Autokinetic Effect

Conformity Sherif (1936) The Autokinetic Effect

Why do people conform? One answer concerns the ambiguity of the information

Why do people conform? One answer concerns the ambiguity of the information

Informational social influence Others are a source of information Conforming because we believe that

Informational social influence Others are a source of information Conforming because we believe that others’ interpretation of an ambiguous situation is more correct than ours and will help us to choose an appropriate course of action.

Informational social influence Asch – Test of informational influence A B C St. line

Informational social influence Asch – Test of informational influence A B C St. line

Normative social influence The social pressure of other people, to be accepted, leads us

Normative social influence The social pressure of other people, to be accepted, leads us to conform in order to be liked and accepted by them

Conformity 1. Private Acceptance 2. Public Compliance

Conformity 1. Private Acceptance 2. Public Compliance

Conformity Sherif = ambiguous = suggests informational Asch = lack of ambiguity = suggests

Conformity Sherif = ambiguous = suggests informational Asch = lack of ambiguity = suggests Normative

Conformity Q: What happens when there is direct pressures to conform? Obedience: extent to

Conformity Q: What happens when there is direct pressures to conform? Obedience: extent to which one agrees to a specific demand or request

Obedience Stanley Milgram

Obedience Stanley Milgram

Obedience Factors that moderate obedience: 1. Closeness and legitimacy of experimenter 2. Emotional distance

Obedience Factors that moderate obedience: 1. Closeness and legitimacy of experimenter 2. Emotional distance from the victim

Reactance Theory Use of force can backfire; we REACT against it

Reactance Theory Use of force can backfire; we REACT against it

Reactance Theory Three types of reactions: 1. 2. 3. React against being told not

Reactance Theory Three types of reactions: 1. 2. 3. React against being told not to do something by doing it Threatened behavior becomes more attractive Aggression is aimed at person telling you not to do the behavior