Learning Objective To understand direct and indirect speech

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Learning Objective: To understand direct and indirect speech use and how to use it

Learning Objective: To understand direct and indirect speech use and how to use it within writing.

Reporting speech There are two ways of reporting what somebody says; § direct speech

Reporting speech There are two ways of reporting what somebody says; § direct speech § indirect (or reported) speech.

Direct Speech In direct speech we use the speaker’s own words. “In text we

Direct Speech In direct speech we use the speaker’s own words. “In text we put speech marks around the words spoken” “Speech marks are also called inverted commas”

Indirect speech In indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech) we do not use the

Indirect speech In indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech) we do not use the exact words of the speaker. Instead we report what was said. We sometimes need to change pronouns and verb tenses. We don’t use speech marks. “I am going home. ” Helen said she was going home.

Using Speech in Your Writing Using speech in fiction and non-fiction writing adds variety.

Using Speech in Your Writing Using speech in fiction and non-fiction writing adds variety. However, writing out long pieces of direct speech can make your writing confusing. It also slows down the action. Reported speech and using inferences can summarise what the speaker has said so that the action moves along more quickly. Reported speech is useful when you want a contrast between what a character says and what he or she is thinking.

Advantages and disadvantages of each type of speech. § Direct speech can show what

Advantages and disadvantages of each type of speech. § Direct speech can show what a character is like. § Long speeches can be boring. § Too many speakers can confuse the reader. § Direct speech can add variety to writing. § Indirect speech can be summarised briefly so that it does not slow down the pace of the action. § It can show a contrast between what a character is saying and what he or she is thinking.

§ Direct speech is the words that people actually say. My leg really hurts!

§ Direct speech is the words that people actually say. My leg really hurts!

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § Imagine that the words are sheep.

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § Imagine that the words are sheep. § The sheep have to be kept in a pen. my leg really hurts! really hurts

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § If there is no capital letter

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § If there is no capital letter on the first word then the sheep can escape! my leg really hurts! really hurts

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § If there is no punctuation mark

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg § If there is no punctuation mark on the last word then the sheep can escape My leg really hurts! really hurts

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg Now the sheep are safe and won’t

Turning Speech Bubbles to Text. My leg Now the sheep are safe and won’t escape! My leg really hurts! really hurts !

New Speaker, New Line § Now you know how to punctuate speech there is

New Speaker, New Line § Now you know how to punctuate speech there is one more thing you need to remember. § Every time a new person starts speaking you will need a new sheep pen on a new line.

New Speaker, New Line Let’s have a look then. My Let’s leg have really

New Speaker, New Line Let’s have a look then. My Let’s leg have really look My leg really hurts! cried the boy loudly. hurts! then, soothed Mum.

Speech Punctuation Checklist § Speech marks at the beginning of the words that are

Speech Punctuation Checklist § Speech marks at the beginning of the words that are spoken. (66) § Capital letter on the first word that was spoken. § Punctuation mark after the last word that was spoken. § Close the speech marks (99). § New line EVERY TIME there is a new person speaking. § NOW CHECK YOUR WRITING – DOES IT HAVE ALL THE ELEMENTS ABOVE?

Summary § In your writing use mainly reported speech. Use direct speech only to

Summary § In your writing use mainly reported speech. Use direct speech only to emphasise the main points your characters make. § Don’t bore and confuse your readers by writing out long conversations between your characters. § Direct speech should be used sparingly. § It is most effective when only the most forceful statements are put into direct speech.